Voice Braille Editor Browser ALTAIR for Windows Version 10 2002-2013 Reference Guide

Developed by JSRPD, Jun Ishikawa, NRCD and JICA


Index

Book 1 Introduction

Chapter 1 Outline of 'Editor'

1-1 What is 'Editor'?

1-2 ALTAIR's features

1-3 Logical lines and physical lines

Chapter 2 System requirements

2-1 Supported PC

2-2 Audio environment

2-3 Supported OS

2-4 Memory requirements

2-5 Supported braille display

Chapter 3 Installation

3-1 From CD-ROM

3-2 From the package downloaded from our site

3-3 How to install

3-4 Uninstall

3-5 When updating from ALTAIR for Windows 9.*

Chapter 4 Options

4-1 Configuration functions

Book 2 Basic operation guide

Chapter 1 Starting and exiting the application

1-1 Program file

1-2 Startup

1-3 Exiting

Chapter 2 Opening, inserting or creating new file

2-1 Opening files

2-2 Selecting files from history

2-3 Selecting file by using simple filer

2-4 Wildcard

2-5 Inserting

2-6 New file

2-7 Importing Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PDF, RTF files

Chapter 3 Saving files

3-1 Saving files

3-2 Naming and saving a file

3-3 Saving part of buffer

3-4 Saving all files

3-5 Appending

3-6 Backup file

Chapter 4 Deleting files

4-1 Delete

4-2 Delete when opening a file

4-3 Delete when saving a file

Chapter 5 Function key menu

5-1 Basics for function key menu

5-2 Toggle type selection

5-3 Selecting by Up and Down cursors

5-4 Selecting by Left and Right cursors

5-5 Cancel

Chapter 6 Character input and cursor movement

6-1 Character input

6-2 Cursor movement

Chapter 7 Deleting characters

7-1 Deleting one character before cursor

7-2 Deleting the character where the cursor is positioned

7-3 Restoring deleted characters

7-4 Deleting the characters from the cursor position to the end of the line

Chapter 8 Deleting lines and entire text

8-1 Deleting lines

8-2 Deleting entire text

Chapter 9 Searching

9-1 Searching

9-2 Searching backward

9-3 Case-insensitive search

9-4 Repeat searching

Chapter 10 Replacing

10-1 Replacing all from the cursor position

10-2 Replacing to next mark

10-3 Case-insensitive replace

10-4 Replacing all from the beginning of the buffer

10-5 Cursor position after replacing strings

Chapter 11 Reading

11-1 Reading the current line

11-2 Continuing the reading from the current position

11-3 Toggle between character reading and line reading

11-4 Reading previous line or next line

11-5 Wrap display

11-6 Buffer information

11-7 Reading the current character

11-8 Reading the code of a character

11-9 Reading details of the current character

11-10 Changing mode of detailed reading

11-11 Skip line break

11-12 Read-inhibit function

11-13 Line break echo and empty line echo

Chapter 12 Editing blocks

12-1 Specifying block

12-2 Deleting blocks

12-3 Paste block

12-4 Moving blocks

12-5 Pasting block repetitively

12-6 Restoring blocks

12-7 Saving blocks

12-8 Appending blocks

Chapter 13 Marking, copy and paste

13-1 Marking

13-2 Jumping to previous/next mark

13-3 Clearing all marks in a buffer

13-4 Copying

13-5 Cutting

13-6 Strings to be saved in paste buffer

13-7 Pasting

13-8 Searching, replacing, and pasting

13-9 History buffer for file names

13-10 Copying quickly

13-11 Saving marks

13-12 Copying into clipboard

13-13 Cutting into clipboard

13-14 Pasting from clipboard

13-15 Selecting all

Chapter 14 Moving cursor

14-1 Left and Right cursor keys

14-2 Up and Down cursor keys

14-3 Moving cursor to specified line

14-4 Moving cursor while reading

14-5 Word jump

14-6 Jumping between { and }

Chapter 15 Input mode

15-1 Toggle between insert and replace modes

15-2 Specifying input data

15-3 Inputting control codes

15-4 Deleting extended ASCII characters

15-5 Swapping function keys

Chapter 16 Braille files

16-1 Converting braille to text

Chapter 17 Editing multiple files

17-1 Editable number of files

17-2 Toggle between file 1 and file 2

17-3 Selecting buffer

17-4 Editing a block between buffers

Chapter 18 Speech engine options

18-1 sapi.cfg

18-2 Specifying speech engine

18-3 Specifying speech engine speed

18-4 Specifying speech engine pitch

18-5 Reading English punctuations

18-6 Reading symbols

18-7 Beep

18-8 mysapi.cfg

Chapter 19 Window operation

19-1 Maximizing

Chapter 20 Menu

20-1 Menu list

Chapter 21 Help

21-1 Help mode

21-2 Referring to the reference guide

21-3 Referring to the user's guide

21-4 Referring to command key list

21-5 Confirming mail directory

21-6 Confirming the current directory

21-7 Visiting the website of ALTAIR for Windows

21-8 Reporting bugs

21-9 About ALTAIR

Book 3 Advanced operation guide

Chapter 1 Braille display

1-1 Braille display

1-2 Message mode

1-3 Operations on braille display side

1-4 On/off of braille cursor

1-5 Line number display

1-6 Setting tab value

Chapter 2 Making phone call

2-1 Making phone call

2-2 Setting al.cfg for making phone calls

Chapter 3 Printing and braille embossing

3-1 Printing

3-2 Braille embossing

Chapter 4 Folding

4-1 Folding

4-2 Wordwrap

Chapter 5 Hot file and batch processing

5-1 Hot file

5-2 Batch processing

Chapter 6 Search in CD-ROM dictionaries

6-1 Main supported CD-ROMs and electronic books

6-2 Configuring al.cfg to use CD-ROMs

6-3 Selection of CD-ROM dictionaries

6-4 Searching in CD-ROM dictionaries

6-5 Specifying a file to get search hits in

Chapter 7 Internet access

7-1 Method to access Internet

7-2 Basic operation

7-3 Link jump

7-4 History

7-5 Using a search engine

7-6 Management on Favorites

7-7 Reading local files

7-8 Saving linked pages

7-9 Batch processing

7-10 Saving log

7-11 Getting source and converting to text

7-12 Form input

7-13 MAP and FRAME

7-14 Cooperation with FTP

7-15 Cooperation with MAIL

7-16 Using proxy server

7-17 Browser mode

7-18 Managing your own website using FTP

7-19 cookie and authentication

7-20 SSL

7-21 RAS

7-22 Playing a DAISY book

7-23 Structure display mode

Chapter 8 Mail

8-1 Mailer mode

8-2 Quitting

8-3 Various configurations to do before use

8-4 Basic operation

8-5 Attaching files

8-6 Extracting the attached file

8-7 Deleting and moving mails

8-8 Moving to another folder

8-9 Moving the spams

8-10 Searching mails

8-11 Address book

8-12 Thread mode

8-13 Other functions

8-14 Edit function

8-15 Shortcut keys

8-16 Multi-account

Chapter 9 Shell

9-1 Shell

9-2 Exiting shell

9-3 Entering command

9-4 Edit functions

9-5 No-linebreak command

9-6 Command history

9-7 Reading

9-8 Completing file names

9-9 Shell options

9-10 Tag jump

Book 4 Technical guide

Chapter 1 Hot keys

1-1 Hot keys

Chapter 2 Configuration by al.cfg

2-1 Configuration file

2-2 Specifying a telephone communication port

2-3 Telephone number header

2-4 Setting communication parameter for telephone serial port

2-5 Specifying a communication port for braille display

2-6 Types of braille display

2-7 Setting communication parameter of serial port for braille display

2-8 Number of columns of braille display

2-9 Number of displayed characters

2-10 Wordwrap

2-11 Braille display and braille translation mode

2-12 Displaying line number

2-13 Specifying CD-ROM drives

2-14 Specifying book numbers of CD-ROM

2-15 Displaying CD-ROM names

2-16 Selecting CD-ROM dictionary search program

2-17 Specifying a file to load the result of CD-ROM dictionary search into

2-18 Specifying a name of local character table

2-19 Setting the options particular to search tool

2-20 Conditional search

2-21 Setting line reading mode as default

2-22 File backup

2-23 Setting detail mode for the filer's file display

2-24 Data type

2-25 Setting voice display and braille display

2-26 Setting your home page

2-27 Setting search engine

2-28 Registering hot file labels

2-29 Registering hot file names

2-30 Saving marks

2-31 Setting user ID

2-32 Saving the log of accessed websites automatically

2-33 Not using structure display mode for websites

2-34 Opening browser mode automatically when opening Internet browser homepage

2-35 Setting proxy server

2-36 Not moving cursor after replace operation

2-37 Wrap display (for printable characters)

2-38 Wrap display (for braille characters)

2-39 Folding

2-40 Wordwrap when folding

2-41 Limiting paste function

2-42 Line break skip

2-43 Not using browser mode

2-44 Wrap to window width

2-45 sample of al.cfg

Chapter 3 Display options in display.cfg

3-1 Font

3-2 Font size

3-3 Font weight

3-4 Font color

3-5 Background color

3-6 Whether to display the current position

3-7 Screen drawing mode

3-8 Cursor shape

3-9 sample of display.cfg

Book 1 Introduction

This book explains about the conditions and procedures from installation to use of this software.

Chapter 1 Outline of 'Editor'

1-1 What is 'Editor'?

"Editor" is the most effective and robust tool for reading and writing documents on computer. The documents here means all kinds of text such as memos, e-mails, office documents, HTML source, thesis, and program source code. Therefore, we can say that editor is the most basic software for data processing.

1-2 ALTAIR's features

(1) Fast and easy

ALTAIR is the editor a blind person can effectively operate to input characters and edit documents. It is excellent in working speed and operational performance, and a beginner can use it easily.

(2) Supporting weak-eyed people

ALTAIR is good not only for blind people but also for weak-eyed people. It has easy functions to change the type, size, and color of font and background color.

(3) Multiple functions and high quality

For intermediate and advanced users, many functions are supported, which are quite helpful if you can make good use of them. They include multiple file edit, CD-ROM dictionary search, web access, e-mail, command line shell, block edit, marking, copy and paste, search and replace including linefeed characters.

(4) Real time braille translation

ALTAIR can display braille in real time with high conversion precision by using the braille translation engine of EXTRA for Windows. You can comfortably perform a detailed work that is rather difficult with sound alone, by outputting a document on the braille display when editing. You can easily read braille files with a braille display.

(5) Almost no limit on file size

It is one of ALTAIR's features that you can edit big documents. There is almost no limit for line length, total number of lines, and size of blocks. You can do editing until the free space of memory and hard disk drives run out. It is easy to edit big text files of 1MB or 2MB.

(6) CD-ROM dictionary search

ALTAIR has convenient CD-ROM dictionary search function. You can consult dictionaries when writing documents and can easily paste the result of the search into your documents.

(7) Internet browser function

ALTAIR has Internet browser function. It supports not only simple web browsing but also the use of search engine, form input, and FTP.

(8) Import Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PDF or RTF documents

ALTAIR can import Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PDF or RTF files.

(9) Mail

ALTAIR includes a mail user agent with an easy user interface with menu. It also supports file attachment, mail classification, and threading.

(10) Command line shell

ALTAIR supports command line shell just like Windows command prompt. With the shell mode, you can run any external commands. You can also use filename completion, history and tag jump.

1-3 Logical lines and physical lines

Ordinary screen editor is designed on the condition that you edit document while watching the display. Therefore, cursor moves in conjunction with the screen. For example, when you press Up cursor key, cursor on screen goes one line up. When you press Right cursor on right end of screen, the cursor moves to the beginning of the next line. It seems the matter of course, but it isn't. I explain about the difference between physical lines and logical lines. Physical lines are the lines in appearance that are made on account of the line wrapping on the screen. It is called "physical" line, because the line results from the physical limit of the screen. On the other hand, the lines ALTAIR handles are logical lines. Logical lines treat linefeed characters as ends of lines. It is called "logical" line, because a line is defined by logical ending.

ALTAIR does not care about physical limit of a screen, because it is not a screen editor that uses monitor as an output device. It is an editor for blind people that uses sound card and braille display as main output devices. It is one of the main features of ALTAIR that the cursor does not move in connection with physical lines but it does in connection with logical lines. If it is difficult to understand, you can imagine an enormous screen without physical limit. You can say that the cursor in ALTAIR moves on this huge screen.

Chapter 2 System requirements

Please confirm that your system satisfies the following hardware requirements.

2-1 Supported PC

IBM PC and its compatibles

2-2 Audio environment

You need a SAPI 4 compatible English speech engine.

2-3 Supported OS

On Windows 8, for the reason that SAPI4 speech engine attached to ALTAIR also does not work stably, the default text-to-speech engine of Windows 8 is set initially to work.

2-4 Memory requirements

For Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows VISTA, 256MB or more is recommended.

For Windows XP, 128MB or more is recommended.

2-5 Supported braille display

Following braille displays are supported:

* Power Braille

* Navigator

* KGS Braille Note 20A/40A

* KGS Braille Note 46C/D

* KGS Braille Memo 16/24/46, Braille Note 46X

* ALVA ABT 320/340/380

* ALVA Satellite 544/570

* ALVA Delphi Multimedia series

* Braille Write 18/2000/40/ME20/ME40

* PAC Mate

* BrailleSense

* SyncBraille

* SuperVario * Focus Braille

KBDC of KGS Corporation and ALVA driver of ALVA B.V. are also supported.

KBDC (KGS braille device controller) is software to enable you to use a KGS braille display by multiple Windows applications. By using KBDC by several applications, such as screen reader and ALTAIR, the use of braille display can be switched seamlessly among those applications .

ALVA driver is a device driver of ALVA B.V. In the past, ALTAIR needed a driver for each ALVA braille display respectively. However, by using ALVA driver, it is possible to use each ALVA braille display without changing drivers on ALTAIR side. Since ALVA driver can detect type of braille display and port number automatically, ALTAIR's configuration can be done easily. ALVA driver is not supported by ALVA B.V. at present due to the bankruptcy of the company.

Chapter 3 Installation

3-1 From CD-ROM

When you install ALTAIR from CD-ROM, if you insert CD-ROM after starting up the Windows, installation starts automatically. If the installation does not start automatically, look for setup.exe in CD-ROM and launch it.

3-2 From the package downloaded from our site

When you downloaded winalXXX.exe from FTP or website, execute setup.exe to start installation.

3-3 How to install

Please note that the installer does not have the speech/braille display support. Therefore, if you are visually impaired and wish to install ALTAIR for yourself, you need a screen reader.

When the installer starts, the dialogue [Install of ALTAIR for Windows 10] is displayed.

Here, specify the directory you wish to install the program.

If it is OK to install it in ALTAIR's following standard installation directory, press [Next>] button and proceed.

Standard installation directory differs by the OS type.

[64-bit OS]

C:\Program Files(x86)\JSRPD\ALTAIR for Windows Version 10\

[32-bit OS]

C:\Program Files\JSRPD\ALTAIR for Windows Version 10\

Next, you are asked the name to be registered for the startup menu. If it is not necessary to change it, just press [Next>] button.

The copying of the files starts.

When the copying is complete, the dialogue [Installation succeeded Press <Finish> for completion.] is displayed, so press [Finish] button.

Now the installation of ALTAIR is complete.

NOTE: The whole files of ALTAIR for WIndows Version 9.11 or earlier will be copied in the following ALTAIR's directory on the first time the version 10.0 starts up.

C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\

NOTE: [username] varys by the user.

3-4 Uninstall

For uninstalling [ALTAIR for Windows 10], choose [Add/Remove Programs] of Windows' [Control Panel].

3-5 When updating from ALTAIR for Windows 9.*

From Windows' [Control Panel], select [Add/Remove Programs] and uninstall [ALTAIR for Windows 9.*]. The install ALTAIR for Windows 10. If installed by this method, the configration files used for ALTAIA 9.0 will be kept.

After this, on the first time ALTAIA for Windows 10 starts up, mailbox and configuration files used by ALTAIA 9.* will be copied in the directory managed by ALTAIR for Windows --ALTAIR-VERSION-STRING--.

NOTE: Beep keeps ringing intermittently while the copy procedure is going. The ALTAIA window will come up after the copy procedure finished. If the size of mailbox is huge, it will take long time till the beep stops and the window comes up.

After using ALTAIA for Windows 10 for a while and finding the updating has no problems, delete the configration files of ALTAIR 9.*. The standard directory is C:\winal\.

If some problems have found, re-installing of ALTAIR for Windows 9.* again will make it available as before. However, the modification made by ALTAIR for Windows 10 never be saved.

Chapter 4 Options

Basic operations of ALTAIR's editor can work without special settings. For customizing functions, you need to change the setting values in ALTAIR's configuration file (setting file). In the directory where ALTAIR is installed, there are also the following four configuration files, and their roles are as follows:

al.cfg: general options

sapi.cfg: speech and sound options

display.cfg: screen display options

mail.cfg: e-mail options

These setting files are in text format. Therefore, you can change the setting values by using ALTAIR's editor. On each line of a configuration file, an option for setting command is stated. A line starting with "-"is always a command. Others are considered to be comments. How to write settings is explained by the comments written in the configuration files or by the description in this guide. In addition, the following configuration functions are supported to make settings easier:

4-1 Configuration functions

ALTAIR supports configuration functions to make settings easier. The following nine functions are displayed one after another ("toggle" among the functions) every time you press Ctrl + F1 keys (hold Ctrl key down while pressing function 1 key):

Speech options (Alt O S)

Braille display options (Alt O B)

Display options (Alt O D)

ALTAIR options (Alt O A)

Internet options (Alt O I)

Shell options (Alt O H)

CD-ROM options (Alt O C)

Printing options (Alt O P)

Braille embossing options (Alt O E)

When a command name is displayed, if you press Enter key, you can open the configure-options buffer. If you press Esc key instead, you can cancel the command calling. Then, if you press Ctrl + F1 keys again, next command is displayed.

What are written in brackets above are the shortcut keys of the menu. By "Alt O S", for example, you can execute speech option command.

In an options buffer, one setting item is displayed on one line. With each line, on the left of : (colon) is an item name and on the right is a setting value. To change values, move the cursor to the line you wish to change and press Enter key. With the kind of setting item that you select from several alternatives, you can change the selection by using Up and Down cursor keys. With the kind that you set by figure or character string, you can change it by editing the value. After changing the value, you need to determine the value by pressing Enter key.

Regarding the "Speech options" and "Display options", when you set an item that has the minimum and maximum values, move the cursor to the line you wish to change and hold Shift key down while pressing Up or Down cursor key, then the value will be incremented or decremented and it is applied immediately.

With an options buffer, if you press F1 key, it returns to the editor without saving what you entered. If you press F2 key, it returns to the editor after saving the options you entered. If you press F3 key, the options revert to default values. If you make a mistake with options for reading or screen, at worst, the reading may become inaudible or the screen may become unreadable. In such a case, it is recommended to revert options to default values by pressing F3 key.

ALTAIR's operation immediately reflects the changes in "Speech options", "Display options", "Printing options" or "Braille embossing options". However, with the changes in other options, i.e. "Braille options", "ALTAIR options", "Internet options", "Shell options", and "CD-ROM options", you need to restart ALTAIR to apply changes, since each buffer for these options just changes the content of each configuration file.

Regarding the details for each setting item of option setting screen, please refer to Chapter 18 Speech engine options of Book 2 'Basic operation guide' for "Speech options", Chapter 3 Display options in display.cfg of Book 4 'Technical guide' for "Display options", Chapter 2 Configuration by al.cfg of Book 4 'Technical guide' for "Braille options", "ALTAIR options", "Internet options", "Shell options" and "CD-ROM options", 3-1 Printing for "Printing options", and 3-2 Braille embossing for "Braille embossing options".

Book 2 Basic operation guide

This book explains about basic ALTAIR operations. By mastering this book, you will be able to read and write text files by ALTAIR.

In this book, from 1 to 10 of function keys are written as F1 to F10, and Shift key + 1 to 10 function keys are written as Shift + F1 to Shift + F10.

Chapter 1 Starting and exiting the application

1-1 Program file

ALTAIR's program name is winal.exe. It is in ALTAIR directory that was specified when ALTAIR was installed.

1-2 Startup

To run ALTAIR, open [Start] menu and click ALTAIR in the "ALTAIR for Windows 10" group.

After starting ALTAIR, turn off the screen reader.

When ALTAIR is already running, if you run winal command with a file name as an argument, you can open the file into an empty buffer on the active ALTAIR. When ALTAIR is already running, if you run winal command without an argument, an empty buffer will be selected on the running ALTAIR.

1-3 Exiting

F2 twice to save and exit

F2 three times to exit

Shift + Ctrl + K to exit

Alt + F4 to quit without confirmation

Alt F X to save and exit

Alt F Q to exit

(1) Save and exit

Press F2 key twice to exit ALTAIR after saving the current buffer you edited. When "save and exit" message is spoken or displayed, press Enter key. When you are asked a file name, enter the name that you want to name it. When it is successfully saved, ALTAIR exits.

(2) Quit immediately

When you wish to quit without saving the document, press F2 key three times. When the message "quit" is spoken or displayed, press Enter key. When you are asked "Do you wish to quit?", type Y or just press Enter key if it is OK to quit. If you wish to cancel, type N or press Esc key.

You can also quit by the Alt + F4 keys or Windows system menu. By these, there is no confirmation by "Do you wish to quit?" message.

Chapter 2 Opening, inserting or creating new file

2-1 Opening files

F1 once to open a file

Alt F O to open a file

To edit an existing file, select "open" command.

If you press F1 key, the message "open" is displayed. Then, if you press Enter key, the prompt "file name" is displayed, so enter the name of the file you wish to open and press Enter key.

When the location of the target file is not the current directory, select the directory by using the filer that is explained below or specify it by using absolute path or relative path.

When you enter a file name, you can use Left and Right cursor keys and Delete key. When you do not remember the file name, you can search it using wildcards. (Please refer to 2-4 Wildcard.)

When you select a file, the message "period" tells you that the file is open.

When ALTAIR is already running, if you run winal command with a file name as an argument, you can open the file into an empty buffer on the active ALTAIR.

When opening a Unicode text file that was encoded in UTF-8 and saved, it is automatically converted to Shift_JIS and imported. For Unicode text files, however, ALTAIR supports only the importing and does not support the saving after UTF-8 encoding.

2-2 Selecting files from history

At the "file name" prompt, Space to use history

Up cursor for previous candidate

Down cursor for next candidate

Enter key to select a candidate

Esc key to return to the "file name" prompt

At the "file name" prompt, if you press Space key, file names of up to 10 files you have edited in the past are read aloud or displayed one by one. You can select a file by using cursor keys and Enter key.

You can return to the "file name" prompt by pressing Esc key.

If you select a file from the history and open it, the cursor is set at the position where you finished editing last time.

2-3 Selecting file by using simple filer

At the "file name" prompt, Enter key to use simple filer

Up cursor for previous candidate

Down cursor for next candidate

Enter key to select a candidate

BackSpace key to select parent directory

Esc key to return to the "file name" prompt

You can select a file by simple filer function.

At the "file name" prompt, if you press Enter key without filename, the filer refers to the current directory. The number of files in the current directory is read aloud like "Number of files is 12." and then the first file or directory in the current directory is selected. Here, all files and directories in the current directory are listed. Select one of them by using cursor keys, Home key, or End key, then press Enter key. When you select a file, the file will be opened. When you select a directory or a shortcut to a directory, the filer opens the directory. In addition, you can open parent directory by using BackSpace key. You can also search a file by entering the first character of the file name. When there are several file names beginning with the same character, enter the same character again so that next file name beginning with that character is spoken or displayed.

With the filer, there are "My Computer" in the root directory of each drive. In My Computer, there are "Desktop" and aliases of all drives. From the Desktop, you can access "My Computer", "My Documents", "Network Neighborhood", and files and directories on your Window's Desktop. From Network Neighborhood, you can access your domain or the entire network.

When selecting the filer, file names are displayed in either normal or detail method. By the normal, file names only are displayed. By the detail, in addition to file names, sizes and updated times and dates for the listed files are displayed. A file size is displayed by a figure followed by a unit of b, k, or m. Respectively, b means byte, k means kilobyte, and m means megabyte. The display method of file names can be changed in the setting items for file name display in ALTAIR options. Even with the normal method of file name display, if you press Shift + Home keys, ALTAIR reads file size and updated date.

When executing "Save" or "Save as", if you enter a file name with a wildcard character (Example: C:\WORK\*.txt) instead of an ordinary file name, you can call the filer and select a file from the list of the file names that matched with the condition of the wildcard. In addition, you can save a file with a revised name if you change the character string by moving right and left cursors while displaying a file name.

2-4 Wildcard

When opening by F1 once or inserting by F1 twice, you can use wildcard.

At the "file name" prompt, if you enter wildcard or directory name, the number of the files that satisfies the condition is read aloud or displayed and then the first file name in the file group is read aloud or displayed.

"Wildcard" is a single-byte * character to be used for a character string that you do not remember clearly. For example, *.txt means all the files with the filename extension "txt".

When the file retrieval is done, look for the file by using Up and Down cursor keys or alphabet keys. When a file name of the list is read aloud or displayed, if you enter an alphabet key, the cursor moves to the file name starting with the letter. When you come to the file you want, press Enter key, so that the opening or inserting of the file is done. If you cannot find the file you want, press Esc key. ALTAIR returns to the "file name" prompt and you can start searching again.

2-5 Inserting

F1 twice to insert

When you wish to insert an existing file into the current buffer, press F1 key twice and select "insert". If you press Enter key, you are asked a file name. Enter the name of the file you wish to insert. You can select a file by using filer.

If you press Space key instead of typing a file name, a list of maximum 10 files you have edited in the past is read aloud or displayed. (A file name is read or displayed at a time.) If you select one by Up and Down cursors and then press Enter key, selected file is inserted.

2-6 New file

F1 three times to open a new file

Alt F N to open a new file

When you wish to keep your editing buffer and open a new file with new name in another buffer, press F1 key three times and select "open". If you press Enter key, you are asked a file name for the new file. Enter the name you wish to name the file and press Enter key. When a file with the same name already exists, the existing file opens.

F1 five times to clear and open

You can clear your editing buffer and open a new file with new name. When a file with the same name already exists, the existing file opens.

2-7 Importing Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PDF, RTF files

If you specify one of the following data types for "Open" or "Insert", you can extract the data and import it to the buffer.

- Microsoft Word V6/V7(95)

- Microsoft Word 97/98/2000/2001/XP(2002)/2003/2007

- Microsoft Excel 97/98 for Macintosh/2000/2001/XP(2002)/2003/2007

- Microsoft PowerPoint 97/2000/2001/XP/2003/2007

- Adobe PDF 1.2/1.3/1.4/1.5/1.6/1.7 (Acrobat 3/4/5/6/7/8)

- RTF (Rich text file)

As file types of Word 2007, Excel 2007, and PowerPoint 2007, file extensions docx, xlsx, and pptx have been added. ALTAIR for Windows 10 is supporting the import of these files as well.

Chapter 3 Saving files

F2 to save file

3-1 Saving files

F2 once to save file

F2 twice to save and exit

Alt F S to save file

Alt F X to save and exit

When you wish to save the current buffer as a file, select "save" or "save and exit" by F2 key, enter a file name and press Enter key.

In case of "save and exit", ALTAIR exits when the save is successful.

When you select "save" or "save and exit", the file name related to the buffer is displayed. If it's not necessary to change the file name, press Enter key. If you wish another file name, edit the displayed name by deleting the characters one by one by using BackSpace key or clearing all the characters by using Up cursor, and enter another file name. The file name related to the buffer is the one that was loaded or saved just before. The file name "inserted" will not be the name of the buffer.

3-2 Naming and saving a file

F2 four times to name and save as a new file (Save as)

If you wish to save an editing buffer as another file, call the function of "Save as" by pressing F2 key four times. When you enter a file name you wish to save and press Enter key, the content of the editing buffer is saved as a file with the specified file name. If you execute "Save as", the information to relate ALTAIR's buffer with file name is updated. Next time you execute "Save" command, the content of the buffer will be saved by the file name specified by "Save as".

3-3 Saving part of buffer

F2 five times to save block

If you wish to save a part of the buffer you are editing, select "save block" by pressing F2 key five times. When you enter a file name and press Enter key, only the block previously specified is saved as a file. The method to specify a block is explained in Chapter 12 Editing blocks of Book 2 'Basic operation guide'.

3-4 Saving all files

F2 once and Right cursor to save all

F2 twice and Right cursor to save all and exit

Alt F L to save all

When you wish to save all modified buffers, press F2 key once and Right cursor once to select "save all" or press F2 key twice and Right cursor once to select "save all and exit". You are asked file names in turn, so enter each file name. In the case of "save all and exit", ALTAIR exits when all the saves are successfully done. Handling of multiple files is explained in Chapter 17 Editing multiple files of Book 2 'Basic operation guide'.

3-5 Appending

F2 five times and Right cursor to append

It is to append buffer content to file. When you press F2 key five times and press Right cursor, the message "append" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key and enter a file name, the content of the buffer you are editing is appended to the file of which name you entered.

3-6 Backup file

You can make the backup function for editing files valid by specifying -K option in the configuration file al.cfg.

If you specify -K option, the content before the renewal is saved with filename extension .bak in the same directory as the editing file.

If you specify after -K a directory name to keep backups, the content before the renewal is saved in the specified directory by the same name as editing file.

Chapter 4 Deleting files

4-1 Delete

To delete existing files, press F1 key 7 times and select "Delete".

By pressing Enter key, "File name" prompt comes up. Enter the filename to be deleted and press Enter key or DEL key. You can select the file using by Filer.

After deleting a file, you can select another file and delete it repeatedly.

If you select a directory and press DEL key, the directory including subdirectories will be deleted.

NOTE: Deleteing operation delete files immediately without confirmation. Deleted files go into Windows Recycle bin.

4-2 Delete when opening a file

On the "Open file" prompt, selecting file and press ENTER key instead of pressing DEL key, the file will be deleted.

After deleting a file, you can select another file and open or delete it repeatedly.

4-3 Delete when saving a file

On the "Save file" prompt, selecting a file and press DEL key instead of ENTER key, the file will be deleted.

After deleting a file, you can select another file and save or delete it repeatedly.

Chapter 5 Function key menu

5-1 Basics for function key menu

With ALTAIR, almost all the commands are assigned to function keys and Shift key + function keys. Most of those commands are not executed immediately after you press the keys but first the function assigned to the keys is displayed. ALTAIR then waits for your confirmation.

With this status, if you press Enter key, the command is executed. If you press Esc key, the command is cancelled.

5-2 Toggle type selection

With several function keys, you select a command from multiple commands that toggle. For example, if you press F1 key once, ALTAIR displays "open", twice "insert", three times "new file", four times "clear", five times "clear open", six times "batch", and seven times "delete" and eight times "open" again. With this toggle type selection, press the same key repeatedly until the command you want is displayed. When the command is displayed, press Enter key.

5-3 Selecting by Up and Down cursors

When a menu is open after pressing a function key, you can select a command by pressing Up and Down cursors instead of pressing the same function key repetitively.

5-4 Selecting by Left and Right cursors

For F2 "save", F3 "search", and F4 "replace", the toggle type selections are divided into two rows as there are many selection items.

When you wish to select from another row, press a function key and then use Left and Right cursor keys.

5-5 Cancel

Esc key to cancel

You can cancel almost all the operations by pressing Esc key. For example, you can cancel a selection from function menu or you can break off a text reading by Esc key.

Chapter 6 Character input and cursor movement

6-1 Character input

Character input can be done by pressing character keys. Whenever you input or enter a character, the cursor moves right and indicates the position next character is to be entered. When there are characters after (on the right side of) the cursor, if you press any character key, that character is inserted at the cursor position and the character string after the cursor is pressed one character position to the right. If you enter two characters, the string moves right two character positions and so on. This status is called "insert mode".

With ALTAIR, default is insert mode. You can change it to "replace mode" by Ctrl + - keys. With "replace mode", existing characters are replaced with newly typed characters one by one.

6-2 Cursor movement

Up cursor to go one line up

Down cursor to go one line down

Left cursor to go one character left

Right cursor to go one character right

Cursor indicates the position where you wish to have an operation such as editing or reading a character. On ALTAIR's screen, the cursor is indicated by underline or box. For setting the shape of cursor, please refer to 3-8 Cursor shape.

You can move the cursor by cursor keys.

When the cursor is at the beginning of a line, if you press Left cursor key, the cursor moves to the end of the previous line.

When the cursor is at the end of a line, if you press Right cursor key, the cursor moves to the beginning of the next line.

When you press Up cursor key, if the line above is shorter than the original cursor position, the cursor moves to the end of the line above. The same applies when you press Down cursor key.

For efficient editing, ALTAIR has the following cursor jump functions:

Shift + Up cursor to move to the beginning of the buffer

Shift + Down cursor to move to the end of the buffer

Shift + Left cursor to move to the beginning of the line

Shift + Right cursor to move to the end of the line

The following empty line skips are the functions, when there is a line (or lines) nothing is written, to skip over such lines to the previous or to the next non-empty line.

Ctrl + , to go to the next non-empty line (skipping over an empty line or lines)

Shift + Ctrl + , to the previous non-empty line (skipping over an empty line or lines)

In addition, by Shift + Ctrl + S, you can specify to skip empty lines when moving by Up or Down cursor.

Shift + Ctrl + S to toggle on/off of empty line skip

There are more advanced cursor jump functions which are explained in Chapter 14 Moving cursor of Book 2 'Basic operation guide'.

Chapter 7 Deleting characters

7-1 Deleting one character before cursor

When you noticed you just mistyped, press BackSpace key so that you can delete one character you have just entered which is on the left of the cursor. At the time, the character deleted by BackSpace key is read aloud.

7-2 Deleting the character where the cursor is positioned

When you noticed your mistake several characters back or several lines back from where you are, move the cursor to the position and press Delete key so that you can delete the mistyped character. If you delete a character, the entire character string after the cursor moves one character position to the left.

The character deleted by Delete key is read aloud.

When using insert mode, you can make correction by entering a correct character at the position you deleted the mistake.

7-3 Restoring deleted characters

Ctrl + N to restore deleted characters

You can restore up to 20 characters retroactively, which you have deleted by Delete key.

7-4 Deleting the characters from the cursor position to the end of the line

Shift + Ctrl + J to delete the characters from the cursor position to the end of the line

You can delete all the characters from the cursor position to the end of the line and leave the linefeed character.

Chapter 8 Deleting lines and entire text

8-1 Deleting lines

F5 to delete one line

Alt E O to delete one line

You can delete the line the cursor is currently positioned. When you press F5 key, "delete" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key here, the line on which the cursor is currently positioned is deleted.

8-2 Deleting entire text

F1 four times to clear the editing buffer

When you press F1 key four times and press Enter key, the entire content of your editing buffer is cleared.

Chapter 9 Searching

F3 to search

9-1 Searching

F3 once to search forward

Alt S F to search forward

For searching forward from the cursor position, use this function. At the "search string" prompt, enter the string you wish to search and press Enter key. If the character string is found, the message "period" informs you the search hit and the cursor moves to the position of the string. When the character string is not found, the message "question" informs you that the search didn't find it.

When the cursor is positioned at the end of the buffer, pressing F3 once does "backward search".

9-2 Searching backward

F3 twice to search backward

Alt S B to search backward

When you wish to search backward from the cursor position, press F3 key twice. When the message "backward search" is spoken or displayed, press Enter key. You are asked to enter a character string to search, so enter the string and press Enter key. If the character string is found, the message "period" informs you the search hit and the cursor moves to the position of the string. When the character string is not found, the message "question" informs you that the search didn't find it.

9-3 Case-insensitive search

F3 once and Right cursor to case-insensitive search

F3 twice and Right cursor to case-insensitive backward search

"Case-insensitive search" is the search you do not distinguish between upper and lower cases. For doing this search, after pressing F3 key, change the mode to "case-insensitive search" by pressing Right cursor before pressing Enter key. For the next procedure, follow the above 9-1 Searching or 9-2 Searching backward.

9-4 Repeat searching

Shift + Ctrl + Down cursor to continue search forward

Shift + Ctrl + Up cursor to continue search backward

These are the hot keys to be used when you wish to continue searching the same character string after you have searched one.

Chapter 10 Replacing

F4 to replace

The commands for replacing are listed in the function key menu for F4 key.

10-1 Replacing all from the cursor position

F4 once to replace

Alt S R to replace

"Replace" command will replace strings from where you are to the end of buffer.

When you press F4 key, the message "replace" is displayed, so press Enter key. At the "Search string" prompt, enter string you wish to replace, and press Enter key. Next you are asked for new string, so enter the new string you wish for replacements and press Enter key. When all the strings are replaced, the number of the strings replaced is informed. When there is no applicable character string, the failure is informed by the message "question". Please keep it in mind that it is forward replacement. Therefore, if you wish to replace all the applicable words, move the cursor to the beginning of the buffer before you begin to replace.

10-2 Replacing to next mark

F4 twice to replace strings up to the next mark

Alt S P to replace strings up to the next mark

"Replace to next mark" is to replace the strings up to the next mark, i.e. it works on a part of the buffer.

When you press F4 key twice, the message "Replace to next mark" is spoken or displayed. If it is OK, press Enter key. At the "search string" prompt, enter the string you wish to replace and press Enter key. At the "new character string" prompt, enter the new string you want and press Enter key. When all the strings are replaced, the number of the strings replaced is informed. When there is no applicable character string, the failure is informed by the message "question". When there is no mark, it is also informed by the message "question".

How to set marks is explained in Chapter 13 Marking, copy and paste of Book 2 'Basic operation guide'.

10-3 Case-insensitive replace

F4 once and Right cursor to case-insensitive replace

F4 twice and Right cursor to case-insensitive replace up to the next mark

"Case-insensitive replace" is to replace strings without distinguishing upper and lower cases. For case-insensitive replacing, after pressing F4 key, change the mode to "case-insensitive replace" by pressing Right cursor. For the next procedure, follow the above 10-1 Replacing all from the cursor position or 10-2 Replacing to next mark.

10-4 Replacing all from the beginning of the buffer

F4 three times to replace all

Alt S A to replace all

Regardless of the cursor position, this command replaces strings from the beginning of the file. When you press F4 key three times, the message "replace all" is spoken or displayed. If it is OK, press Enter key. When you are asked to enter the character string you wish to replace, enter the string and press Enter key. Next when you are asked to enter the new string you want, enter the string and press Enter key. When all the strings are replaced, the number of the strings replaced is informed. When there is no applicable character string, the failure is informed by the message "question".

10-5 Cursor position after replacing strings

After replacing strings, the cursor is positioned at the beginning of the string replaced lastly.

However, if you set -' option in the configuration file al.cfg, the cursor does not move.

Chapter 11 Reading

11-1 Reading the current line

Home to read the current line

Alt R L to read the current line

When you press Home key, ALTAIR reads the line on which the cursor is positioned currently. When you wish to break off reading, press Esc key. When you wish to read the line above, press Up cursor key. When you wish to read the line below, press Down cursor key. By doing so, you can break off the reading of the current line and start the reading of the line you specified.

11-2 Continuing the reading from the current position

Shift + Home to continue reading from the current position and go forward

Ctrl + K to continue reading from the current position and go forward

Alt R R to continue reading from the current position and go forward

If you hold Shift key down while pressing Home key, ALTAIR reads out from the cursor position and the cursor moves right. When Esc key is pressed, the reading is interrupted and the cursor stops at the beginning of the phrase the reading was interrupted. While ALTAIR is reading, if you press Up or Down cursor key, the reading line goes up or down. If you press Home key, the reading starts again from the beginning of the line.

11-3 Toggle between character reading and line reading

End to toggle between character reading and line reading

Whenever you press End key, message "character" or "line" is spoken or displayed and you can toggle the method for the reading that is performed when Up or Down cursor key is pressed. With the character reading mode, ALTAIR reads the character above when Up cursor key is pressed and reads the character below when Down cursor key is pressed. With the line reading mode, ALTAIR reads the line above or the line below.

With the line reading mode, when you wish to interrupt the reading, use Esc key. While ALTAIR is reading a line, if you wish to read the line above or below, press Up or Down cursor key so that ALTAIR stops reading the current line and starts reading the line specified.

Furthermore, using Ctrl + S keys, you can change the starting point of reading from the beginning of the line to the cursor position. If you press Ctrl + S keys again, the starting point of reading reverts to the beginning of the line.

In addition, using Shift + Ctrl + S keys, you can skip empty lines when you press Up or Down cursor. To reinstate, press Shift + Ctrl + S keys again.

11-4 Reading previous line or next line

(1) Read line (one line above)

Up cursor to read one line above

With the line reading mode, when you press Up cursor key, the cursor moves one line up and ALTAIR reads the line.

(2) Read line (one line below)

Down cursor to read one line below

With the line reading mode, when you press Down cursor key, the cursor moves one line down and ALTAIR reads the line.

11-5 Wrap display

Alt O W to enable/disable wrap display

With this option, the lines displayed are wrapped at the column specified by -. option in the configuration file al.cfg. However, in case of braille display, the line is wrapped at the column specified by -, option.

The line reading by Up and Down cursor keys or by Home key is done in accordance with this wrapped line width. Also, the beginning of the line by Shift + Left cursor keys and the end of the line by Shift + Right cursor keys correspond to this wrapped line width.

Ctrl + F4 to adjust the window width to wrap display

The window width of ALTAIR is adjusted to the number of columns specified by -. option.

11-6 Buffer information

(1) The current position

PageUp to speak or display the current position

Ctrl + 0 to speak or display the current position

Alt R W to speak or display the current position

ALTAIR reads or displays the current position (where the cursor is currently positioned) in the order of the "line number" and the "column number".

(2) Block range

PageUp to speak or display a block range

Ctrl + 0 to speak or display a block range

Alt R W to speak or display a block range

If a block is specified, when you execute the "cursor position" command, ALTAIR speaks or displays the current position and the range specified as a block.

For details, please refer to block editing in Chapter 12 Editing blocks.

(3) Buffer size

Shift + PageUp to speak or display the size of the current buffer

Alt R S to speak or display the size of the current buffer

When you hold Shift key down while pressing PageUp key, ALTAIR speaks or displays the byte size and the entire number of characters of the current buffer.

(4) File name

Shift + Delete to speak or display the file name of the current buffer

Alt R F to speak or display the file name of the current buffer

ALTAIR speaks or displays the file name of the current buffer.

11-7 Reading the current character

Alt R C to read one character

ALTAIR reads the character of the current position.

11-8 Reading the code of a character

Shift + Ctrl + D to read character code

Ctrl + End to read character code

Alt R O to read character code

ALTAIR reads the code of the character of the current position.

11-9 Reading details of the current character

Ctrl + PageDown to read details of current character

Alt R D to read details of the character

When you hold Ctrl key down while pressing PageDown key, ALTAIR reads details of the character at the current position by voice and braille.

11-10 Changing mode of detailed reading

Ctrl + 7 to change the mode of detailed reading

If you set current character reading as detailed reading, the current character reading afterwards will be performed in detailed reading only for voice.

If you set current character reading as detailed braille reading, the current character reading afterwards will be performed in detailed reading both by voice and braille.

If you set the detailed reading of current character reading off, the current character reading afterwards will be off for both voice and braille.

11-11 Skip line break

Shift + End to toggle on/off of line break skip

You can toggle whether or not to skip line breaks during a continuous reading.

Default is off. If you specify -{ option in al.cfg, the default is changed to on.

11-12 Read-inhibit function

Shift + Ctrl + H to toggle on/off of the read-inhibit function

It may be bothersome when a text with a lot of symbols are read aloud. If so, you can skip the reading of previously specified symbols when doing a smooth line reading by switching on the read-inhibit function with Shift + Ctrl + H keys.

Example of NOREAD.DAT (the file to previously specify the symbols to skip reading)

---------file starts here

,.;:?[]{}()

---------file ends here

11-13 Line break echo and empty line echo

If you specify -@ option, when the cursor comes to the position of a line break code, or when you enter a line break code with control code input mode, ALTAIR speaks "line break".

In addition to the above, if you specify -@2 option, when a line reading comes to an empty line, ALTAIR speaks "empty line".

Chapter 12 Editing blocks

12-1 Specifying block

F9 to specify block top

F10 to specify block end

Shift + Ctrl + End to specify block top

Shift + Ctrl + PageDown to specify block end

Alt E B to specify block top

Alt E E to specify block end

The block is a set of continuous lines, which is defined by the first line specified by F9 key and the last line specified by F10 key. When specifying a line, the cursor can be positioned in the middle of the line. For a specified block, you can perform "delete block", "copy block", "move block", "repetitive block paste", "save block" and so forth.

12-2 Deleting blocks

F6 once to delete block

Alt E D to delete block

ALTAIR deletes a specified block. The specified block is deleted regardless of the cursor position.

12-3 Paste block

F7 once to paste block

ALTAIR pastes the specified block. The specified block is pasted into the point immediately before the line where the cursor is positioned.

12-4 Moving blocks

F8 to move block

Alt E M to move block

ALTAIR moves the specified block. The specified block is moved to the point immediately before the line where the cursor is positioned.

12-5 Pasting block repetitively

F7 twice to paste block repetitively

When you press F7 key twice, the message "How many times?" is spoken or displayed, so specify a number of times. The specified block is pasted the specified number of times to the point immediately before the line where the cursor is positioned.

12-6 Restoring blocks

F6 twice to restore block

Alt E R to restore block

It is to restore the block deleted by F6 key (delete block) or the line deleted by F5 key (delete line).

When you press F6 key twice in succession, all the blocks and lines deleted after starting ALTAIR are restored. The restored blocks are written in the current buffer in the order they were deleted. Usually, using a multiple files editing function that is explained later, you open a new file and do the restoration work there.

12-7 Saving blocks

F2 five times to save block

It is to save only the range specified as a block in a file. When you press F2 key five times, the message "save block" is displayed. If you press Enter key here and enter a file name, the content of the block is saved in the file. If the entered file already exists, the content of the file is replaced with the content of the specified block.

12-8 Appending blocks

F2 six times and Down cursor twice to append block

It is to append to a file the range specified as a block. When you press F2 key six times, the message "append block" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key here and enter a file name (with full path), the range of the block is appended to the file.

Chapter 13 Marking, copy and paste

13-1 Marking

Ctrl + D to mark

Shift + Ctrl + P to mark

Shift + F10 to mark

Shift + Ctrl + Home to mark

With ALTAIR, you can set multiple marks at any position in a buffer.

Marks are used as the starting or ending point for the edit command explained later. You can place marks as reminders at the positions you wish to revise later so that you can come back later by Ctrl + Up or Down cursor keys.

Marks are treated as special characters in the buffer. On the window, a mark is displayed as a back quote.

If a mark is unnecessary, you can delete it by Delete key just like ordinary character. When you wish to delete all marks, you can do so by "clear mark" by pressing F5 key four times.

By default, marks are not saved in a file. If you wish to save marks, please refer to 13-11 Saving marks.

13-2 Jumping to previous/next mark

Ctrl + Up cursor to jump to the previous mark

Ctrl + Down cursor to jump to the next mark

When you wish to return to the previous mark, use Ctrl + Up cursor keys. For jumping to the next mark, use Ctrl + Down cursor keys.

13-3 Clearing all marks in a buffer

F5 four times to clear marks

When you wish to clear all marks in a buffer, press F5 key four times.

13-4 Copying

F8 twice to copy a character string

Shift + Ctrl + Left cursor to copy a character string

Alt E C to copy a character string

By using marks, you can copy and paste character strings. At first, put marks at the beginning and at the end of the string you wish to copy. Next, press Shift + Ctrl + Left cursor keys (or F8 key twice and Enter key). Thus, the string between the marks is set in the paste buffer. When copying a string, the cursor must be on the string between the marks or on the mark at the end of the string.

13-5 Cutting

F5 twice to cut a character string

Shift + Ctrl + PageUp to cut a character string

Alt E T to cut a character string

By using marks, you can cut and paste character strings. At first, put marks at the beginning and at the end of the string you wish to cut. Next, press Shift + Ctrl + PageUp keys (or F5 key twice and Enter key). Thus, the string between the marks is deleted and it is copied into the paste buffer. When cutting a string, the cursor must be on the string between the marks or on the mark at the end of the string.

13-6 Strings to be saved in paste buffer

In addition to copying and cutting, all the character strings which you enter in various situations such as to search, replace or as file names, are saved in the paste buffer.

In other words, in addition to the character strings you save in the paste buffer by copying and cutting, ALTAIR automatically saves in the paste buffer the character strings which you enter for searching, replacing, or for CD-ROM dictionary search.

13-7 Pasting

F8 three times to paste a character string

Shift + Ctrl + Right cursor to paste a character string

Alt E P to paste a character string

It is to paste to the current position the character string copied in the paste buffer by the operations to copy, cut, search, or replace. If you press Shift + Ctrl + Right cursor keys (or F8 key three times and Enter key), the latest character string saved in the paste buffer is read aloud or displayed.

If you press Down cursor key, the second latest string is read aloud or displayed. If you continue pressing, older ones are read aloud or displayed. When you find the character string you wanted, press Enter key.

When there is a character string in the clipboard, the content of the clipboard is spoken or displayed as the first option. However, when the character string in the clipboard is very long, entire string may not be dealt with.

Furthermore, if you set -] option in al.cfg, a paste operation targets only the latest string and the operation is immediately executed without asking you about your choice.

13-8 Searching, replacing, and pasting

When you are asked to enter a character string such as when doing search, replace, or CD-ROM dictionary search, if you press Down cursor key, you can append the string of the paste buffer to the entering character string. If you continue pressing Down cursor key, the strings saved previously are read aloud or displayed one after another. To select one, press Enter key.

13-9 History buffer for file names

When you are asked to enter a file name, if you press Down cursor key, you can paste to the entering character string the content of the history buffer which records file names entered in the past. If you continue pressing Down cursor key, the file names saved previously are read aloud or displayed one after another. To select one, press Enter key.

Furthermore, if you set -] option in al.cfg, a paste operation using the history buffer targets only the latest string and the operation is immediately executed without asking you about your choice.

13-10 Copying quickly

Shift + Ctrl + L to copy quickly

It is to copy and save in the paste buffer the range that characters continue (excluding a space).

13-11 Saving marks

Shift + Ctrl + Z to enable/disable saving marks

Default is "not saving" the marks you entered. If you wish to save the marks, change the setting by Shift + Ctrl + Z keys to save them in files.

Also, if you specify -| option in al.cfg, the setting at startup is changed to save marks.

13-12 Copying into clipboard

Ctrl + C to copy into clipboard

F5 three times to copy into clipboard

Alt E I to copy into clipboard

It is to copy the range between the marks into the clipboard.

13-13 Cutting into clipboard

Ctrl + X to cut into clipboard

It is to cut the range between the marks and paste it into the clipboard.

13-14 Pasting from clipboard

Ctrl + V to paste from clipboard

F6 three times to paste from clipboard

Alt E L to paste from clipboard

It is to paste the content of the clipboard into the current buffer.

With the paste described in 13-7 Pasting as well, when there is a text in the clipboard, the content of the clipboard is set as an option. In this case, however, there is a limit to the manageable string length.

13-15 Selecting all

Ctrl + A to select all

Alt E A to select all

It is to select all the content of editing buffer by placing marks at its beginning and the end. You can continue to the next operation such as copy or cut to the clipboard by Ctrl + C or Ctrl + X.

If there already is or are marks in the buffer, they should be deleted, so ALTAIR asks you "Do you wish to clear all marks?".

When all the content is selected, if you enter Ctrl + A again, the selection is released.

Chapter 14 Moving cursor

How to move the cursor is explained as well in Chapter 6 Character input and cursor movement of Book 2 'Basic operation guide'. In this chapter, all the commands to move cursor that ALTAIR supports are listed or explained including the basic ones explained in the Chapter 6 Character input and cursor movement.

14-1 Left and Right cursor keys

Left cursor key to move the cursor one character position to the left

Right cursor key to move the cursor one character position to the right

Shift + Left cursor keys to move the cursor to the beginning of the line

Shift + Right cursor keys to move the cursor to the end of the line

Ctrl + Left cursor keys to move the cursor one word position to the left

Ctrl + Right cursor keys to move the cursor one word position to the right

14-2 Up and Down cursor keys

Up cursor key to move the cursor one line up

Down cursor key to move the cursor one line down

Shift + Up cursor keys to move the cursor to the beginning of the buffer

Shift + Down cursor keys to move the cursor to the end of the buffer

Ctrl + Up cursor keys to move the cursor to the previous mark

Ctrl + Down cursor keys to move the cursor to the next mark

14-3 Moving cursor to specified line

Shift + F8 to jump cursor

You can jump the cursor to any line or to any column by Shift + F8 keys.

Specify the position to jump to by a line number and a column number putting a comma in-between. When you omit a column number, you do not need a comma. If you omit a column number, the cursor jumps to the beginning of the specified line. When you wish to jump to the left or the right on the current line, omit a line number in front of a comma.

14-4 Moving cursor while reading

Shift + Home to move cursor while reading the content of the buffer from the current position

If you hold Shift key down while pressing Home key, ALTAIR reads out from the current position and the cursor moves forward. When Esc key is pressed, the reading stops and the cursor stops at the beginning of the phrase the reading was interrupted. If you press Up or Down cursor key while reading, the reading changes to the line above or the line below. If you press Home key while reading, the reading starts again from the beginning of the line.

14-5 Word jump

Ctrl + Left cursor to move cursor to the previous word

Ctrl + Right cursor to move cursor to the next word

It moves the cursor one word position to the left or right. After moving the cursor, ALTAIR reads the word of the new position.

14-6 Jumping between { and }

Ctrl + F to jump between { and }

It is to jump the cursor to the corresponding } or { when the cursor is on { or }. It is a function for the source codes of C or C++.

Chapter 15 Input mode

15-1 Toggle between insert and replace modes

Ctrl + - to toggle between insert and replace

You can toggle between insert mode and replace mode by holding Ctrl key down while pressing - key. In replace mode, a character you type overwrites the character at the current cursor position. In replace mode, if you enter a character at the end of a line, linefeed character is overwritten and the next line is connected.

Default is insert mode.

15-2 Specifying input data

Shift + F3 to specify input data

ALTAIR can automatically distinguish the type of input data by examining the filename extension of the file to be imported. (The files with file extension BRF are classified as "Braille".) However, the function to change manually is supported as well. By holding Shift key down while pressing F3 key, input data types toggle. As an input data type, select either text or English braille.

Default is text. You can change the default by the configuration file al.cfg.

-O0 text, -O2 English braille

15-3 Inputting control codes

Ctrl + L to input control code

When you wish to enter a control code in the editing buffer, press Ctrl + L keys and enter the control code. Then, you can enter, for example, a change of page code with Ctrl + L keys.

You may wish to include a linefeed character when doing search or replace. To do so, press Ctrl + J keys. When you wish to enter a change of page code, press Ctrl + L keys.

15-4 Deleting extended ASCII characters

Ctrl + \ to delete extended ASCII characters

It is to delete all the character codes above 0x80.

It is the function to prevent garbage characters on web pages that contain extended ASCII characters.

It works only when the data type is text.

15-5 Swapping function keys

If you specify -# option in the configuration file al.cfg, F9 and F10 keys are swapped with F11 and F12 keys.

Also, if you specify -#2 option, only F10 key is swapped with F11 key.

Chapter 16 Braille files

16-1 Converting braille to text

Ctrl + \ to convert braille to text

It is to convert the opened braille file to text (English characters and figures).

This function works only when the data type is English braille.

Chapter 17 Editing multiple files

17-1 Editable number of files

With ALTAIR, you can open and edit 10 files at a time.

17-2 Toggle between file 1 and file 2

PageDown to toggle editing files

By PageDown key, you can toggle between file 1 and file 2.

17-3 Selecting buffer

Shift + PageDown to select buffer

If you hold Shift key down while pressing PageDown key, the message "to where" is spoken or displayed. This message means "To which buffer you wish to go?" The keys from F1 to F10 are assigned to file 1 to 10 respectively, so press the function key corresponding to the buffer number you wish to edit. Immediately after a key is pressed, the buffer you are editing is changed.

Also, you can select a buffer by numerical keys or Up and Down cursors. When there are files open in the buffer, the file names are read. When the buffer is not related to files, only the buffer name is read. You select a buffer by pressing Enter key.

17-4 Editing a block between buffers

If you specify a block, you can copy or paste it into another buffer, move it from one buffer to another one, or paste it repetitively into another one. At first, you need to specify a block, so move the cursor to the position to specify a block top and press F9 key, then move the cursor to the position to specify a block end and press F10 key.

Next you change buffer from original to the target buffer by PageDown key or Shift + PageDown keys, and move the cursor to the line on which you wish to paste the specified block.

Here, you can execute "Copy block" (copy the specified block and paste it here) by F7 key, "Move block" (cut the specified block and paste it here) by F8 key, or "Paste block repetitively" (paste the specified block here repetitively) by pressing F7 key twice.

Chapter 18 Speech engine options

18-1 sapi.cfg

By changing sapi.cfg in the following directory, you can do various settings for a speech engine.

C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\

NOTE: [username] varys by the user.

18-2 Specifying speech engine

-e option

-e1Mike

-e2Mary

;-e1ATT 1.4 DTNV crystal16

;-e1ATT 1.4 DTNV mike16

;-e1English-American: Reed (Adult Male)

;-e1English-American: Shelley (Adult Female)

;-e2ATT 1.4 DTNV crystal16

;-e2ATT 1.4 DTNV mike16

;-e2English-American: Reed (Adult Male)

;-e2English-American: Shelley (Adult Female)

18-3 Specifying speech engine speed

-s option

20 levels from 1 to 20 are used.

After s option, set an engine number and a speed value.

-s16

-s26

18-4 Specifying speech engine pitch

20 levels from 1 to 20 are used.

h for high pitch, m for middle, and l for low.

The number after h, m, l is a pitch.

1 or 2 after p is an engine number.

; high pitch

-p1h9

-p2h9

; middle pitch

-p1m6

-p2m6

; low pitch

-p1l2

-p2l2

18-5 Reading English punctuations

Whether or not to read English punctuations can be set by the following option:

Not to read English punctuations

-9

If the option is not set, English punctuations are read out.

18-6 Reading symbols

Whether or not to read symbols can be set by the following option:

Not to read symbols

-8

If the option is not set, symbols are read out.

18-7 Beep

For ALTAIR's beep, you can specify whether to use wave file or ordinary warning beep of the Windows.

If you specify -bw option in sapi.cfg, the ordinary warning beep of the Windows is used.

If you specify -bv, three sound files of albeep1.wav, albeep2.wav, and albeep3.wav in C:\winal directory are used as beep sounds.

Respectively, albeep1.wav is for line beep, albeep2.wav is for good beep, and albeep3.wav is for bad beep.

These wave files attached to ALTAIR are installed in ALTAIR directory. However, you can use the beep sounds you like by placing your own wav files in C:\winal and naming it as albeep1.wav, albeep2.wav, and/or albeep3.wav.

18-8 mysapi.cfg

The description in mysapi.cfg is same as that of sapi.cfg. If you place mysapi.cfg file in the ALTAIR directory, it takes priority over the settings in sapi.cfg. The changes made by the function of "Speech options" are reflected in sapi.cfg. Please note that, if mysapi.cfg exists, you cannot make changes of "Speech options", since the settings in mysapi.cfg takes priority over those in sapi.cfg.

With ALTAIR 8.0, the values for reading speed and pitch have been doubled. For ALTAIR 8.0 or later, if you wish to use mysapi.cfg you used for ALTAIR 7.0, double the values for reading speed and pitch before using it.

Chapter 19 Window operation

19-1 Maximizing

ALTAIR supports the command to maximize the window for the people with weak eyesight.

Ctrl + F2 to maximize window

Ctrl + F3 to restore window size

Alt Space X to maximize window

Alt Space R to restore window size

When you press Ctrl + F2 keys and then Enter key, ALTAIR's window is maximized (expands to full screen) and you can do editing by using the full screen. When you press Ctrl + F3 keys and then Enter key, the window size is restored to the original size.

You can also use Windows shortcut keys, i.e. Alt Space X to maximize and Alt Space R to restore window size.

You can change the type, size, and the color of font in the window by using "display options". How to change them is described in 4-1 Configuration functions of Book 1 'Introduction'.

Chapter 20 Menu

The menu bar the same as that of other Windows applications was added to ALTAIR for Windows 6.0. You can select ALTAIR's command by using mouse, Alt key, cursor key, etc. In addition, you can use shortcut keys such as Alt F O to open a file.

ALTAIR itself can read or display in braille the menu items without using screen reader. For the commands you cannot select such as [Edit]-[Cut] of help mode, ALTAIR speaks or displays "grayed".

You can specify whether or not to read accelerator key or shortcut key at the end when reading menu items by [Read shortcut] of [Speech options] screen.

20-1 Menu list

The commands on the menu bar are as follows:

The alphabets in the brackets are accelerator keys. You can select a command by pressing the keys after pressing Alt key. For [File(F)]-[Open(O)], for example, press Alt key, F key, and O key in a row.

[File(F)]

[File(F)]-[New(N)]

[File(F)]-[Open(O)]

[File(F)]-[Save(S)]

[File(F)]-[Save as(A)]

[File(F)]-[Save all(L)]

[File(F)]-[Insert(I)]

[File(F)]-[Clear(C)]

[File(F)]-[Save block(B)]

[File(F)]-[Append block(P)]

--------

[File(F)]-[Emboss braille(E)]

[File(F)]-[Print(P)]

--------

[File(F)]-[Save and exit(X)]

[File(F)]-[Quit without saving(Q)]

[Edit(E)]

[Edit(E)]-[Cut(T)]

[Edit(E)]-[Copy(C)]

[Edit(E)]-[Copy into clipboard(I)]

[Edit(E)]-[Paste(P)]

[Edit(E)]-[Paste from clipboard(L)]

[Edit(E)]-[Select all(A)]

--------

[Edit(E)]-[Delete one line(O)]

[Edit(E)]-[Jump(J)]

[Edit(E)]-[Mark(K)]

[Edit(E)]-[Clear marks(R)]

[Edit(E)]-[Jump 20 lines down(D)]

[Edit(E)]-[Jump 20 lines up(U)]

--------

[Edit(E)]-[Beginning of block(B)]

[Edit(E)]-[End of block(E)]

[Edit(E)]-[Delete block(D)]

[Edit(E)]-[Copy block(Y)]

[Edit(E)]-[Move block(M)]

[Edit(E)]-[Restore block(R)]

[Edit(E)]-[Repetitive block paste(P)]

[Search(S)]

[Search(S)]-[Search forward(F)]

[Search(S)]-[Search backward(B)]

--------

[Search(S)]-[Replace(R)]

[Search(S)]-[Replace to next mark(N)]

[Search(S)]-[Replace all(A)]

--------

[Search(S)]-[Continue search(C)]

[Search(S)]-[Continue backward search(D)]

[Mode(D)]

[Mode(D)]-[Editor mode(E)]

[Mode(D)]-[Browser mode(B)]

--------

[Mode(D)]-[Mail(M)]

[Mode(D)]-[Shell(S)]

[Buffers(B)]

[Buffers(B)]-[1: File 1(1)]

[Buffers(B)]-[2: File 2(2)]

[Buffers(B)]-[3: File 3(3)]

[Buffers(B)]-[4: File 4(4)]

[Buffers(B)]-[5: File 5(5)]

[Buffers(B)]-[6: File 6(6)]

[Buffers(B)]-[7: File 7(7)]

[Buffers(B)]-[8: File 8(8)]

[Buffers(B)]-[9: File 9(9)]

[Buffers(B)]-[0: File 10(0)]

[Internet(I)]

[Internet(I)]-[Open URL(O)]

[Internet(I)]-[Reload(R)]

[Internet(I)]-[Save link(L)]

--------

[Internet(I)]-[Back(B)]

[Internet(I)]-[Forward(F)]

[Internet(I)]-[Home(H)]

--------

[Internet(I)]-[View source(S)]

[Internet(I)]-[Text(T)]

--------

[Internet(I)]-[Favorites(V)]

[Internet(I)]-[Add to favorites(A)]

[Internet(I)]-[Search(E)]

[Internet(I)]-[Call search engine(C)]

----

[Internet(I)]-[Run batch file(N)]

[Internet(I)]-[Add batch list(I)]

[Internet(I)]-[Delete batch list(D)]

[Internet(I)]-[Connect dial-up(U)]

[Internet(I)]-[Disconnect dial-up(P)]

[Mail(M)]

[Mail(M)]-[Open mailer(M)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[Receive(V)]

[Mail(M)]-[Send(E)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[Compose(C)]

[Mail(M)]-[Reply(R)]

[Mail(M)]-[Forward(F)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[Search(S)]

[Mail(M)]-[Quick search(Q)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[Extract attached file(X)]

[Mail(M)]-[Execute attached file(U)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[Delete(D)]

[Mail(M)]-[Move mail(I)]

[Mail(M)]-[Move all(L)]

[Mail(M)]-[Classify(Y)]

[Mail(M)]-[Jump folder(J)]

[Mail(M)]-[Thread on(T)]

[Mail(M)]-[Thread off(&H)]

[Mail(M)]-[Make mail folder(K)]

[Mail(M)]-[New address(N)]

[Mail(M)]-[Edit address book(B)]

[Mail(M)]-[Move Spam(P)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[Select account(A)]

[Mail(M)]-[Account options...(O)]

--------

[Mail(M)]-[1: inbox(1)]

[Mail(M)]-[2: outbox(2)]

[Mail(M)]-[3: sendbox(3)]

[Mail(M)]-[4: mailbox(4)]

[Mail(M)]-[5: draftbox(5)]

[Mail(M)]-[6: dustbox(6)]

[Read(R)]

[Read(R)]-[Current character(C)]

[Read(R)]-[Current character details(D)]

[Read(R)]-[Current character's code(O)]

[Read(R)]-[Current line(I)]

--------

[Read(R)]-[Detailed reading on(N)]

[Read(R)]-[Detailed braille reading on(L)]

[Read(R)]-[Detailed reading off(F)]

--------

[Read(R)]-[Current position(P)]

--------

[Read(R)]-[Continuous reading(R)]

--------

[Read(R)]-[Buffer filename(B)]

[Read(R)]-[Buffer size(S)]

--------

[Read(R)]-[Read English punctuations on(E)]

[Read(R)]-[Read English punctuations off(G)]

--------

[Read(R)]-[Read symbols on(Y)]

[Read(R)]-[Read symbols off(M)]

[Braille(L)]

[Braille(L)]-[Braille display on(N)]

[Braille(L)]-[Braille display off(F)]

----

[Braille(L)]-[Braille(B)]

[Braille(L)]-[Voice(V)]

[Braille(L)]-[Voice and braille(A)]

----

[Braille(L)]-[Japanese braille(J)]

[Braille(L)]-[English braille(E)]

[Braille(L)]-[Text(T)]

[Details(A)]

[Details(A)]-[CD-ROM search(C)]

[Details(A)]-[Select CD-ROM dictionary(S)]

[Details(A)]-[Phone call(P)]

[Options(O)]

[Options(O)]-[Speech options...(S)]

[Options(O)]-[Braille options...(B)]

[Options(O)]-[Display options...(D)]

[Options(O)]-[ALTAIR options...(A)]

[Options(O)]-[Internet options...(I)]

[Options(O)]-[Shell options...(H)]

[Options(O)]-[CD-ROM options...(C)]

[Options(O)]-[Printing options...(P)]

[Options(O)]-[Braille embossing options...(E)]

----

[Options(O)]-[Large font(L)]

[Options(O)]-[Medium font(M)]

[Options(O)]-[Small font(T)]

[Options(O)]-[User's font(U)]

----

[Options(O)]-[Background color 1 (black & white)]

[Options(O)]-[Background color 2 (white & black)]

[Options(O)]-[Background color 3 (blue & white)]

[Options(O)]-[Background color 4 (white & blue)]

[Options(O)]-[Background color 5 (yellow & black)]

[Options(O)]-[Background color 6 (green & gray)]

[Options(O)]-[User's background color]

--------

[Options(O)]-[Wrap display(W)]

--------

[Options(O)]-[File name detail on(N)]

[Options(O)]-[File name detail off(F)]

[Help(H)]

[Help(H)]-[Reference Guide(R)]

[Help(H)]-[Command key reference(K)]

[Help(H)]-[User's Guide(U)]

--------

[Help(H)]-[Show mail directory(L)]

[Help(H)]-[Show current directory(C)]

--------

[Help(H)]-[ALTAIR homepage(H)]

[Help(H)]-[Report bugs(B)]

--------

[Help(H)]-[About ALTAIR(A)]

Chapter 21 Help

21-1 Help mode

The commands to open the help files for guide or command list that are described below use buffer and mode that are exclusively used for help files. Compared to editor mode, help mode has functional restrictions including that it cannot change the content.

Below is the explanation on the commands and key binds you can use with help mode.

F2 once to close help

It is to close help file and return to the editing buffer.

F2 twice to save

F2 three times to save block

F2 four times to append block

F9 to specify block top

F10 to specify block end

These are to save or append content of help file or the range specified as a block. For details, please refer to Chapter 12 Editing blocks of 3-1 Saving files.

F3 to search

Alt S F to search

Alt S B to search backward

Search, search backward, case-insensitive search, and case-insensitive backward search of F3 are same as those of editor mode. For details, please refer to Chapter 9 Searching.

21-2 Referring to the reference guide

Alt H R to open reference guide with help mode

It is to open this reference guide with help mode.

The file of reference guide is altair_en.html in ALTAIR directory.

21-3 Referring to the user's guide

Alt H U to open user's guide with help mode

It is to open the user's guide with help mode. The user's guide explains ALTAIR's outline for the beginners.

The file of User's Guide is usersguide_en.html in ALTAIR directory.

21-4 Referring to command key list

Alt H K to open command key list with help mode

It is to open with help mode the list of the command keys concerning the current mode. Reference file of each mode is in ALTAIR directory with the following names:

Editor mode refedit_en.html

Browser mode refbrows_en.html

Mailer mode refmail_en.html

Shell mode refshell_en.html

21-5 Confirming mail directory

Alt H L to speak or display mail directory

It is to speak or display ALTAIR's mail directory. Default is C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\mailbox\.

NOTE: [username] varys by the user.

21-6 Confirming the current directory

Alt H C to speak or display the current directory

The directory of the final file opened is displayed.

21-7 Visiting the website of ALTAIR for Windows

Alt H H to visit the website of ALTAIR for Windows

When you select this command, the link to ALTAIR's website is spoken or displayed, so follow the link. You can access the website of ALTAIR for Windows to check the latest information or to download the latest version.

21-8 Reporting bugs

Alt H B to send e-mail to report bugs in ALTAIR

When you find bugs in ALTAIR, you can report them by using this function. The mail edit buffer with bug report template will open. Please write about the bug as detailed as you can, including the bug content, how to repeat it, version number of ALTAIR, version number of Windows.

To use this function, you need to set mail account. How to set it and how to send mails are explained in Chapter 8 Mail and 8-3 Various configurations to do before use.

21-9 About ALTAIR

Alt H A to speak or display About ALTAIR

The information on the version of ALTAIR is spoken or displayed like "ALTAIR for Windows Version 9.0 2002-2008 developed by JSRPD and Jun Ishikawa".

Book 3 Advanced operation guide

Chapter 1 Braille display

Regarding default settings to use braille display for ALTAIR, please refer to Chapter 1 of Book 3 'Advanced operation guide' and Chapter 2 Configuration by al.cfg of Book 4 'Technical guide'.

1-1 Braille display

Shift + F5 for braille display

By holding Shift key down while pressing F5 key, you can toggle on/off of a braille display. Default is off. If you wish to turn it on when ALTAIR starts, you need to specify -I option in the configuration file al.cfg.

There are 3 types of expressions for braille: English Grade 2, English Grade 1, and No conversion 8 dots.

You can choose two modes from them by -Q option and toggle between them by the braille display switch.

When the length of a line is longer than the width of the braille display, you can scroll by Left and Right keys of the braille display.

1-2 Message mode

Shift + F4 for message mode

By holding Shift key down while pressing F4 key, you can change the display of command messages. There are three types of message modes, namely "voice", "voice and braille", and "braille". Each mode supports the display of command messages "only by voice", "by voice and braille", and "only by braille". This function is available only when the "braille display is on" by Shift + F5 keys.

1-3 Operations on braille display side

(1) Power Braille

Pressing Left and Right Shift keys simultaneously to change braille mode

Rocker switch Up for previous line

Rocker switch Down for next line

Left Shift to scroll left

Right Shift to scroll right

Convex key to the beginning of the line

Concave key to the end of the line

(2) Navigator

Pressing Left and Right keys simultaneously to change braille mode

Up for previous line

Down for next line

Left to scroll left

Right to scroll right

Left action to the beginning of the line

Right action to the end of the line

(3) KGS Braille Note 40A

Pressing BK and LF keys simultaneously to change braille mode

SL key for previous line

SR key for next line

BK key to scroll left

LF key to scroll right

SL key and JP key to the beginning of the line

SR key and JP key to the end of the line

(4) KGS Braille Note 20A

Pressing SL and SR keys simultaneously to change braille mode

BK key for previous line

LF key for next line

SL key to scroll left

SR key to scroll right

SL key and LF key to the beginning of the line

SR key and LF key to the end of the line

(5) ALVA ABT 20/40/80

Prog to change braille mode

Up for previous line

Down for next line

Left to scroll left

Right to scroll right

Home to the beginning of the line

Cursor to the end of the line

(6) Braille Write 18, Braille Write 2000, Braille Write 40, Braille Write ME20, Braille Write ME40

For using a Braille Write as a braille display, enter into a speech box mode (for PC Master) by Space + 345 or by Space + 1234. In the case of ME20 and ME40, turn on the braille display mode switch.

Operation keys:

1 to scroll left

4 to scroll right

2 for previous line

5 for next line

3 to the beginning of the line

6 to the end of the line

Space to change braille mode

ME40:

Left of the left bar for previous line

Right of the left bar for next line

Left of the right bar to scroll left

Right of the right bar to scroll right

(7) KGS Braille Note 46C/46D

F1 key to change braille mode

BK key for previous line

LF key for next line

SL key to scroll left

SR key to scroll right

F2 key to the beginning of the line

F3 key to the end of the line

(8) KGS Braille Memo 16/24/46, Braille Note 46X

Left key + Right key or Left Shift key + Right Shift key to change braille mode

Up key for previous line

Down key for next line

Left key or Left Shift key to scroll left

Right key or Right Shift key to scroll right

Left key + Up key to the beginning of the line

Right key + Up key to the end of the line

(9) ALVA Satellite 544/570

(Note: Configure your Satellite "Status Cells=none".)

Home or Cursor to change braille mode

Up for previous line

Down for next line

Left to scroll left

Right to scroll right

Back Tab or Back Ear to the beginning of the line

Forward Tab or Forward Ear to the end of the line

(10) PAC Mate

Left wheel up for previous line

Left wheel down for next line

Right wheel up to scroll left

Right wheel down to scroll right

Left wheel click to change braille translation mode

Right wheel click to change braille translation mode

Touch cursor to jump to the column location

(11) BrailleSense

F3 for previous line

F4 for next line

Left scroll button to scroll left

Right scroll button to scroll right

F2 to change braille translation mode

Touch cursor to jump to the column location

(12) SyncBraille

Upper right key for previous line

Lower right key for next line

Upper left key to scroll left

Lower left key to scroll right

(13) SuperVario

Upper right key for previous line

Middle right key to change braille mode

Lower right key for next line

Upper left key to scroll right

Middle left key to the beginning of the line

Lower left key to scroll left

(14) Focus Braille

Left or right wheel up for previous line

Left or right wheel down for next line

Pressing left or right wheel to change braille mode

Key at the left of space key for previous line

Key at the right of space key for next line

Round key at the left of the front edge to the beginning of the line

Round key at the right of the front edge to the end of the line

Long key at the left of the front edge to scroll left

Long key at the right of the front edge to scroll right

1-4 On/off of braille cursor

Ctrl + ] to toggle on/off of braille cursor

It is to toggle on/off of a braille cursor. Default is on.

1-5 Line number display

If you set -U option in al.cfg, the line number of the current line is output on a braille display.

However, this function is valid only when the value of -D option is smaller than the value of -Z option in al.cfg by 4 or more. In addition, when using the function, you cannot use the function to display the current position.

1-6 Setting tab value

If you set -; option in al.cfg, you can specify the number of spaces a tab is converted into. Default is 2.

It is possible to specify from -;1 to -;10.

Chapter 2 Making phone call

2-1 Making phone call

Shift + F7 once to make phone call

When you press Shift + F7 keys and select "telephone" by Enter key, ALTAIR makes a phone call by regarding the number after the current position as a telephone number.

Move the cursor to the beginning of a telephone number, press Shift + F7 keys and press Enter key. After you hear the dialing tone of the modem and the calling sound, pick up the receiver and press Enter key of the keyboard. Then the connection switches from the modem to the telephone.

2-2 Setting al.cfg for making phone calls

You can set an extension number dialing, a distinguishing number for each telephone company, and AT command for tone/pulse dialing in the configuration file al.cfg.

(1) Setting data to be sent to modem before sending a telephone number

-H for header

<Example>

-HT for tone dial

-HP for pulse dial

-HT0 to specify an extension number dialing

-HT0077 to specify a telephone company

-HP0 to specify an extension number dialing

-HP0077 to specify a telephone company

(2) Serial port a modem is connected

com1 by -T1

com2 by -T2

com3 by -T3

com4 by -T4

(3) Communication parameter setting of serial port for modem

-R "baud rate" "parity" "bit length" "stop bit"

<Example>

-R9600N81

Chapter 3 Printing and braille embossing

3-1 Printing

F2 three times and Right cursor to print

Alt F P to print

It is to print out the current editing document.

You need to do various settings previously by veprt.cfg in ALTAIR directory. Also, you can describe settings in myveprt.cfg file. When myveprt.cfg exists, its content takes priority.

You can also specify it with option setting by Ctrl + F1 keys.

You can write only one option per line.

For a comment line, put ";" at the beginning.

(1) Number of characters for a line

-PC80

(2) Number of lines for a page

-PL60

(3) Length of a tab code (1 to 8)

-TL1

(4) Left margin (by 1/10mm)

-LM200

(5) Right margin (by 1/10mm)

-RM200

(6) Top margin (by 1/10mm)

-UM200

(7) Bottom margin (by 1/10mm)

-BM200

(8) Number of copies to print

-CP1

(9) Page number to start printing

-SP1

(10) Page number to finish printing

-EP999

(11) Default value for page number

-PN1

3-2 Braille embossing

F2 four times and Right cursor to braille emboss

Alt F B to braille emboss

It is to braille emboss the current editing document. You need to configure extra.cfg file in ALTAIR directory.

You can also set it with option setting by Ctrl + F1 keys.

You can write only one option per line.

You cannot write comments.

Note that this braille emboss function does not work if EXTRA 2001 or EXTRA for Windows Version 3 or later is not installed.

Setting items in extra.cfg

(1) Printer driver name

-pnameExtra Braille Printer Driver

Write the name of the printer driver you are using for EXTRA.

(2) Printer type

-b1

NABCC (generic)

-b2

ET (Inter Point)

-b3

ET (Inter Line)

-b4

Everest (Inter Point)

-b5

Everest (Inter Line)

-b6

VersaPoint (U)

-b7

VersaPoint (J)

-b8

ESA721

-b9

Ohtsuki BT5000

-ba

Ohtsuki BT3000

-bb

TP32

-bc

Braillo Comet

-bd

Thiel Beta X3

-be

BT2000 emboss only

-bf

BT2000 emboss and kana print

-bg

BMP320 emboss only

-bh

BMP320 emboss and print

-bi

BMP320 emboss and kana print

(3) Number of character strings per line

-fc<number>

(4) Number of lines per page

-fl<number>

(5) Braille translation type

-ek1

Japanese, English Grade 1

With this braille translation, Japanese sentences are treated as main language and English sentences as supplementary language. English sentences are always placed between two quotation marks for foreign languages. English braille translation is in English Braille Grade 1.

-ek2

Japanese, English Grade 2

With this braille translation, Japanese sentences are treated as main language and English sentences as supplementary language. English sentences are always placed between two quotation marks for foreign languages. English braille translation is in English Braille Grade 2.

-eg1

English Grade 1, Japanese

With this braille translation, English sentences are treated as main language and Japanese sentences as supplementary language. In a paragraph (logical line divided by linefeed character) consisting of English and Japanese sentences, English sentences are placed between two quotation marks for foreign languages. In a paragraph without a Japanese character, however, quotation marks for foreign languages are omitted. English braille translation is in English Braille Grade 1.

-eg2

English Grade 2, Japanese

With this braille translation, English sentences are treated as main language and Japanese sentences as supplementary language. In a paragraph (logical line divided by linefeed character) consisting of English and Japanese sentences, English sentences are placed between two quotation marks for foreign languages. In a paragraph without a Japanese character, however, quotation marks for foreign languages are omitted. English braille translation is in English Braille Grade 2.

-ej1

Japanese, Japanese Data Processing

It is a braille translation for a document consisting of Japanese sentences and programming language. Default is Japanese sentence. Programming language is translated in data processing braille notation.

-ej2

Japanese Data Processing, Japanese

It is a braille translation for a document consisting of Japanese sentences and programming language. Default is programming language. Programming language is translated in data processing braille notation.

-en1

Japanese, North America Data Processing Braille

It is a braille translation for a document consisting of Japanese sentences and programming language. Default is Japanese sentence. Programming language is translated in North America data processing braille notation.

-en2

North America Data Processing Braille, Japanese

It is a braille translation for a document consisting of Japanese sentences and programming language. Default is programming language. Programming language is translated in North America data processing braille notation.

(6) Number of copies to print or braille emboss

-ps<number>

(7) Page number to start printing or braille embossing

-pt<number>

(8) Page number to finish printing or braille embossing

-pe<number>

(9) Default value for page number

-fp<number>

(10) Method for printing or braille embossing

-pb1

one side of papers

-pb2

both sides of papers

-pb3

front side of papers

-pb4

backside of papers

-pb5

simultaneously on both sides

Chapter 4 Folding

4-1 Folding

Ctrl + B to fold

It is to place linefeed characters from the current line onward at the columns specified by -" option in al.cfg. However, when the editing document is in braille, -? option is to be used to specify the column. A line boundary character check is not performed.

4-2 Wordwrap

Shift + Ctrl + B to wordwrap

It is to specify whether to wordwrap the single-byte character strings when folding a line.

When the document to fold is a braille document, it is wordwrapped regardless of this specification.

When you specify -[ option in al.cfg, the wordwrap function becomes valid as default.

Chapter 5 Hot file and batch processing

5-1 Hot file

Shift + F2 to open a file in hot file list

Shift + Ctrl + W to open a file in hot file list

By holding Shift key down while pressing F2 key, you can open a file registered in hot file list. Select a file by Up and Down cursors and open it by Enter key.

You can previously register in al.cfg up to 10 files you always use. If you use this function, you can easily open frequently used files.

(1) Registering files with labels

->1label

->2label

...

->9label

->0label

Specify an easy name to remember after ->n option in al.cfg.

(2) Registering file names

-+1name

-+2name

...

-+9name

-+0name

Specify a file name after -+n option in al.cfg.

5-2 Batch processing

F1 six times to execute batch file

If you make a directory named "batch" in the ALTAIR directory and place batch files there, you can execute them.

When you press F1 key six times and Enter key once, ALTAIR asks for "batch file name". If you remember the batch file name, enter the name. If you don't remember it exactly, just press Enter key, so that ALTAIR lists up the batch files. Select one by using Up and Down cursors and then press Enter key.

When you specify a batch file name, at the "batch parameter" prompt, enter arguments if necessary.

You can use paste function here.

Chapter 6 Search in CD-ROM dictionaries

Some of the CD-ROM dictionaries and electronic books explained in this chapter are for inside Japan only.

6-1 Main supported CD-ROMs and electronic books

ALTAIR offers the searching environment for 12 cm CD-ROMs based on EPWING standard, 8 cm CD-ROM dictionaries based on SONY electronic book standard, and Heibonsha's World Encyclopaedia (old edition). However, not all the dictionaries that satisfy these conditions can be read. Tested dictionaries are listed below. Even if a name is similar, if it is not based on EPWING or SONY electronic book, you cannot access the data.

<EPWING>

Kojien 3rd, 4th, 5th editions

Daijirin

Readers + Plus English-Japanese Dictionary 1st and 2nd editions

Kenkyusha's English-Japanese Dictionary for the General Reader

Word Hunter (Multi-CD-ROM dictionary)

Kenkyusha's New College English-Japanese Japanese-English Dictionary

Genius English-Japanese, Japanese-English Dictionary

New Global English-Japanese Dictionary

New Century Japanese-English Dictionary

The Kenkyusha Dictionary of English Collocations

Gendai Yogo No Kisochishiki (of Jiyukokuminsha)

Japanese version of "Stedman's Medical Dictionary"

Mohan Roppo

Kenkyusha's Japanese English Dictionary

<Electronic books>

The Japan Encyclopedia's each edition

Mypedia

Kojien 3rd, 4th, 5th editions

Daijirin

Kenkyusha's New College English-Japanese Japanese-English Dictionary

Genius English-Japanese, Japanese-English Dictionary

Readers + Plus English-Japanese Dictionary 1st and 2nd editions

Kenkyusha's English-Japanese Dictionary for The General Reader

Oxford Concise Dictionary

The American Heritage

NTC's Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions

Gendai Yogo No Kisochishiki (of Jiyukokuminsha)

Chiezo

Review Japan

Compton's Encyclopedia 2000 Deluxe

Japanese version of "Stedman's Medical Dictionary"

Mohan Roppo

CD Data Book

CD Classic Music Book

CD Popular Music Book

Pill Book - Medical Dictionary

<Electronic dictionaries of individual standard>

Heibonsha's World Encyclopedia First Edition

Daijisen

Random House English Japanese CD-ROM dictionary

6-2 Configuring al.cfg to use CD-ROMs

To use CD-ROMs, configure al.cfg file. The items to configure are: how to display titles; CD-ROM drives; book numbers; type of search program; whether to use multiple search; an overseas version; direct file accesses; a local character replacement table; IME control; particular options of the tool; and a conditional search.

(1) Title

-M1title -M2title ... -M9title -M0title to specify CD-ROM titles

-MAtitle -MBtitle ... -MStitle -MTtitle to specify CD-ROM titles

These configuration is essential. These will be used as labels when you select CD-ROMs.

<Example> Registering in CD2 the title of Kenkyusha's English-Japanese Dictionary for The General Reader.

-M2Readers

(2) Drive number

-C1x: -C2x: ... -C9x: -C0x: to specify CD-ROM drive number

-CAx: -CBx: ... -CSx: -CTx: to specify CD-ROM drive number

This configuration is essential. It informs ALTAIR the locations of CD-ROMs, i.e. which drive and furthermore which directory CD-ROMs are located.

<Example> Configuring CD1 as G drive

-C1G:

For ALTAIR's CD-ROM dictionary search, CDROM2.EXE of Mr. R. Jiro Tanaka, DAIJISEN.EXE and CSRD.EXE of Mr. Junn Ohta, EBLOOK.EXE of EBLIB Project, and VEEB.EXE revised slightly from EB.EXE of Mr. Taku Shimura are used.

With these search tools, you can specify directories as follows:

-C1x:\dir\ -C2x:\dir\ ... -C9x:\dir\ -C0x:\dir\ to specify CD-ROM drive number

-CAx:\dir\ -CBx:\dir\ ... -CSx:\dir\ -CTx:\dir\ to specify CD-ROM drive number

It is useful when you copy multiple CD-ROMs to your hard disk drive.

For example, you can make CDROM1 directory under the root directory of C drive, copy the whole content of the first CD-ROM there, then make CDROM2 directory and copy the whole content of the second CD-ROM to CDROM2 directory, and so on.

(3) Book number

-F1n -F2n ... -F9n -F0n to specify book numbers in CD-ROM

-FAn -FBn ... -FSn -FTn to specify book numbers in CD-ROM

This configuration is essential when CD-ROM is multi-volume, namely including multiple titles, and when you are searching the second or later title.

<Example> Configuring a book number of CD3 as 2

-F32

(For example, when you wish to use Japanese-English CD-ROM dictionary of Kenkyusha's New College English-Japanese Japanese-English Dictionary, specify 2.)

You can get the information on the list of the books included in each CD-ROM dictionary just by the following procedure: 1) select CD-ROM by Shift + F1 keys; 2) when entering the character string to search, enter -bc if using VEEB.EXE and enter -C if using VECDROM2.EXE or VEEBLOOK.EXE..

(4) Selection of search program

-W1n -W2n ... -W9n -W0n

-WAn -WBn ... -WSn -WTn (n is 1 to 6 excluding 2)

N=1 VEEB.EXE, N=3 VECDROM2.EXE, N=4 DAIJISEN.EXE, N=5 CSRD.EXE, N=6 VEEBLOOK.EXE

Default is 1. However, depending on the situation, you may need to use another search program, as each one has functions others do not have. For World Encyclopedia First Edition you must specify VECDROM.EXE of 3, for Daijisen specify DAIJISEN.EXE of 4, and for Random House English Japanese Dictionary specify CSRD.EXE of 5. Also, if you wish to use Kojien Ver.5, specify 6.

By -W option, specify for each CD one of VEEB.EXE, VECDROM2.EXE, DAIJISEN.EXE, CSRD.EXE, and VEEBLOOK.EXE.

1=VEEB.EXE, 3=VECDROM2.EXE, 4=DAIJISEN.EXE, 5=CSRD.EXE, 6=VEEBLOOK.EXE Default is 1.

<Example> Accessing CD5 by using VECDROM2.EXE

-W53

(5) Specifying multiple search

-P1numlist -P2numlist ... -P9numlist -P0numlist

-PAnumlist -PBnumlist ... -PSnumlist -PTnumlist (numlist is the item number list for the multiple search index 1 and you can write up to 5 items.)

It is used when you use multiple search. It works only when -W is 1or 3.

You need to configure multiple search when you wish to search Mohan Roppo or the Kenkyusha Dictionary of English Collocations. You also need to use multiple search when you search phrases in Readers + Plus English-Japanese Dictionary or when you search book name by author name in Review Japan.

To get the item list of multiple search index, when you are to enter a searching character, enter -pc when using VEEB.EXE or enter -V when using VEEB.EXE, then press Enter key.

Multiple search index usually consists of four or five items. In addition, there is only one type of multiple search index usually, but occasionally there are some. ALTAIR, however, supports just index 1.

Below is the example of a multiple search for "Review Japan". Review Japan has the following multiple search items.

<Multiple search index 1>

Name of the item: the item number

Name of the book: 1

Name of the author: 2

Name of the publisher: 3

The field: 4

Below is the multiple search for Readers + Plus English-Japanese Dictionary:

<Multiple search index 1>

Name of the item: the item number

Word 1 (a fixed phrase): 1

Word 2 (a fixed phrase): 2

Word 3 (a fixed phrase): 3

Word 4 (a fixed phrase): 4

<Example> Configuration of al.cfg to search CD7 by item 2, 3, 4 of multiple search index 1

-M7Collocations

-C7D:\COLLOC

-P7234

-$71

-W71

When these are specified in al.cfg, you can perform multiple search by pressing Shift + F1 keys, selecting CD-ROM7, and entering a character string to search. For a search string, if you put spaces between strings, the first string is handled as item 2 of index 1, next one as item 3, and next one as item 4. By entering the character string to search, for example, like:

put up with

it is handled as

VEEB -dD:\COLLOC -pk 2 put -pk 3 up -pk 4 with.

Or if you enter:

subject to

it is handled as

VEEB -dD:\COLLOC -pk 2 subject -pk 3 to.

Also if you enter:

regarding

it is handled as

VEEB -dD:\COLLOC -pk 2 regarding.

(6) Specifying overseas version

-Y1 -Y2 ... -Y9 -Y0

-YA -YB ... -YS -YT

This configuration is essential when searching overseas electronic book with EBG specification such as Oxford Concise Dictionary. It is invalid when -W is 2.

<Example> Searching CD4 as an overseas electronic book.

-Y4

(7) Specifying local character table

0file

Tfile

It is to specify a local character table that converts application-dependent locally defined codes to globally defined standard codes.

It is used when you use local character conversion function of veeb.exe and vecdrom2.exe.

-!1C:\winal\plus.egn

-!4C:\winal\HDHGAIJI.DMP

The local character conversion tables are attached with the names XXXXXXXX.egn and XXXXXXXX.dmp.The former is for veeb.exe and the latter is for vecdrom2.exe.

It goes without saying that the meanings of local character codes are different depending on CD-ROM or electronic book. Therefore, local character conversion table must be made respectively for each CD-ROM dictionary and electronic book. The local character conversion table provided in ALTAIR's package can be used only for some CD-ROMs and electronic books.

VECDROM2.EXE does not have a function to ignore local character codes, so the local character codes are output when there is no conversion table. In such a case, you need to avoid it by using a conversion table such as blank.dmp.

(8) Configuration of particular options for tools

-<1n -<2n ... -<9n -<0n

-<An -<Bn ... -<Sn -<Tn

It is to set options particular to each search tool, which you wish to include in search command in addition to the above options. This is special configuration for advanced users.

<Sample> Searching Compton's Encyclopedia 2000 Deluxe using VECDROM2.EXE (64-bit OS)

-MHCOMPTON

-CHB:\CONCISE

-WH3

-YH

-$H1

-!HC:\winal\BLANK.DMP

-<H-S64

<Sample> Searching Compton's Encyclopedia 2000 Deluxe using VECDROM2.EXE (32-bit OS)

-MHCOMPTON

-CHB:\CONCISE

-WH3

-YH

-$H1

-!HC:\winal\BLANK.DMP

-<H-S64

<Sample> Searching Random House English Japanese CD-ROM dictionary using CSRD.EXE (64-bit OS)

-M2RandomHouse

-C2d:\rhd

-$21

-W25

-<2-b -fC:\winal\quiet.gai

<Sample> Searching Random House English Japanese CD-ROM dictionary using CSRD.EXE (32-bit OS)

-M2RandomHouse

-C2d:\rhd

-$21

-W25

-<2-b -fC:\winal\quiet.gai

(9) Specifying conditional search

-01 -02 ... -09 -00

-0A -0B ... -0S -0T

You can use it for the CD-ROM dictionaries that have conditional search index (key word search) such as Kojien and Daijirin.

To know what index a CD-ROM dictionary has, select the CD-ROM by Shift + F1 keys, and when you are to enter a searching character, enter -r if using VEEB.EXE or enter -V if using VECDROM2.EXE, then press Enter key. The index list of the CD-ROM is read aloud or displayed.

Conditional search is valid only when -W is 1 or 3.

<Sample> Configuration of al.cfg to search CD5 by conditional search index 2

-05

If this is specified in al.cfg, you can perform conditional search by pressing Shift + F1 keys, selecting CD-ROM 5, and entering a character string to search.

6-3 Selection of CD-ROM dictionaries

Shift + F1 to search CD-ROM

Hold Shift key down while pressing F1 key, then ALTAIR reads the CD-ROM number for searching. By the above-mentioned -M option in the configuration file al.cfg, it reads CD-ROM title instead of the number.

With ALTAIR, you can search up to 30 CD-ROM dictionaries. You select a CD-ROM by Up/Down and Left/Right cursors, function key, or Shift + function keys and Enter key.

6-4 Searching in CD-ROM dictionaries

ALTAIR does searching according to the method previously set in the configuration file al.cfg. When you are asked "search string", enter a character string you wish to search and press Enter key. When the search finds a match, ALTAIR immediately imports the searched result to the buffer and reads it aloud. If you wish to search more in details or wish to search in a different way from the configuration in al.cfg, when you are to enter a string to search, enter an appropriate option and a single-byte space before entering the string.

As to indices, some support kanji character notation and some don't. Electronic books do not support kanji character notation, but CD-ROM dictionaries usually support the one. Even with CD-ROM dictionaries, however, conditional search index usually does not support kanji character notation.

The types of searching method are explained below.

(1) Exact phrase search

It is a search method to find the index exactly same as the search string entered. Default value.

(2) Right-hand truncation

It is a search method to find the index that begins with the search string entered. If you put * at the end of the string, ALTAIR does the right-hand truncation.

(3) Left-hand truncation

It is a search method to find the index that ends with the search string entered. If you put * at the beginning of the character string, ALTAIR does the left-hand truncation.

(4) Multiple search index search

It is a search method using a multiple search index or indices. This index is used to search a subset subdivided into about 4 items. If you specify several multiple search indices, you can perform an AND search.

(5) Conditional search

It is a keyword search using conditional search index or indices. If you specify multiple character strings, you can perform an AND search.

6-5 Specifying a file to get search hits in

If you set -- option in al.cfg, you can fix the edit file to get search hits in.

If you set --10, for example, file 10 always gets search hits whichever file you are editing.

Chapter 7 Internet access

7-1 Method to access Internet

You can access Internet by ALTAIR.

Shift + F6 for Internet

If you hold Shift key down while pressing F6 key, you can execute various commands to use Internet. Before entering each of the following command, press Shift + F6 keys to call "Internet".

If you use browser mode, however, you can use Internet-related commands without pressing Shift + F6 keys. To change the mode, press Ctrl + Delete keys. For details, refer to 7-17 Browser mode.

7-2 Basic operation

At first, the commands for net surfing, the basics for Internet, are explained below. You need to determine a selection by pressing Enter key.

Shift + F4(U) is UP command (not necessary for LAN connection) to connect dial-up.

Shift + F5(D) is DOWN command (not necessary for LAN connection) to disconnect dial-up.

F1(G) to open URL (GET)

Alt I O to open URL

It is to get a web page. Just pressing Enter key does the same. The cursor must be at the beginning of a URL or on the link mark explained later. After getting web pages, ALTAIR automatically puts a link mark and a number to each link and load it into the memory. If you execute G command on the link mark, you can jump to the linked page. You can interrupt receiving HTTP data by Shift + Esc keys.

Entering URL directly: If you enter a URL from the keyboard and press Enter key, the specified website is obtained.

When you jump to the URL that ends with an extension such as .asx, .mp3, .avi, .wmv, .wav, .mpg, or .wma, a media player is called and the page is played.

In addition, when you download a file by HTTP protocol, the process is announced aloud for every 20%.

When downloading of the contents has been successfully completed, the message "200 OK" is displayed. When downloading by HTTPS protocol has been successfully completed, the message "SSL 200 OK" is displayed.

In general, HTTPS protocol is used to exchange highly-confidential information, such as when sending personal information to an online shopping site. Since the content of communication is encrypted when using HTTPS, wiretapping or leakage of the content along the communication line can be prevented. HTTP protocol is used for the URL beginning with http: and HTTPS protocol is used for the URL beginning with http:

F3(B) to back

Alt I B to back

It is to return to the pages you were reading previously. You can go up to 10 pages back.

F4(R) to reload

Alt I R to reload

It is to display the current page again. If you execute it after starting ALTAIR and before accessing a website, you can resume the net surfing from the website you accessed last time.

F5(N) to forward (NEXT)

Alt I F to forward

It is to move to the next page in the history. It is to move to the opposite direction of B command.

F6(H) to visit home (HOME)

Alt I H to visit home

It is to move to your home page that is previously set. Specify which page to use for your home page by -* option in al.cfg.

For example, specify as follows:

-*http://www.u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp/~ishikawa/index.htm

The descriptions like Shift + F4(U) used in this chapter means that you can perform three kinds of operation as follows:

(Refer to 7-17 Browser mode)

1. With browser mode, press Shift + F4 keys.

2. With editor mode, press Shift + F6 keys, then press Shift + F4 keys.

3. With editor mode, press Shift + F6 keys, then press U key.

7-3 Link jump

Ctrl + Up and Down cursors for link jump

Usually, the web pages you get have links embedded. It is called "net surfing" or "Internet browsing" to visit website after website following those links.

With ALTAIR, links are numbered. At the end of a page, URLs of the links in the page are listed as "References". When you jump to a linked page, ALTAIR refers to this References of the end of the page.

Incidentally, Ctrl + Up/Down cursor keys is usually a function to jump to marks. Please note that only when you have got web pages it becomes a link jump command.

Ctrl + 6 is JUMP MODE command.

You can also toggle the function of Ctrl + Up and Down cursors between link jump and mark jump by Ctrl + 6 keys.

7-4 History

The history of the pages you have visited is displayed below the [Internet] menu up to 10 pages. You can select one from the history and jump to the page immediately.

7-5 Using a search engine

F9(F) is FIND command.

It is to do WWW search using the search engine previously specified. Specify it by -_ option in al.cfg.

The following is an example of Yahoo!:

-_http://search.yahoo.com/bin/search{charset=ascii}{method=get}?p{text}=&{submit}=Search

If you press Enter key after F9 key, the following messages are spoken or displayed:

1:Text

2:submit button [Search]

send and quit

so enter a search string in the vacant line below "1:text" and, on the line of "send and quit" press Enter key.

In addition, you can usually perform a focus search by entering multiple key words by putting single-byte space in-between, though it's not possible with some search engines.

F10(E) is ENGINELIST command.

It is to call the list of search engine search.html. Select one of the engines from the list and execute G command. Place the cursor at the beginning of the URL of the search engine you wish to use and press Enter key. When you are asked to enter a character string, enter the key word for search.

Depending on the engine, you need to input several options. For details, please refer to 7-12 Form input "Form input" explained later.

7-6 Management on Favorites

F7(L) to view Favorites (LIST)

Alt I M to view Favorites

It is to open the file for Favorites url.html. Place the cursor at the beginning of the target URL and enter G command.

F8(A) to add to Favorites (APPEND)

Alt I A to add to Favorites

It is to add the current page you are reading to Favorites. When you are asked to name the page, specify a name you wish to register. Default is the original title of the web page. If it is OK as it is, just press Enter key.

7-7 Reading local files

You can read HTML files on your hard disk drives or floppy disks by specifying URL as below for example. Just like an HTML file on the net, you can jump to the linked pages.

file://C:\homepage\index.htm

If you have not accessed to the network after starting ALTAIR, you can omit "file://".

With ALTAIR, at the beginning of the HTML file you got, the URL of the original location of HTML file is recorded as a comment. By this, just by loading an HTML file saved in the local machine, ALTAIR can know the original location and can jump to the site. There is so-called "relative path" of URL, and it contains only the information to indicate the relative location from the current position. By relative path, even if you load a local file, you cannot access from the local file to the original server specified by the path. ALTAIR is coping with this problem by recording the original location on the obtained HTML file itself.

Shift + F10(J) to toggle between local and remote

It is to toggle the location to link between the local file and remote place.

When you loaded the HTML file you got using web crawling robot, if the link is not relative, you automatically access to the server when you do the link jump. If you change the link from remote to local by using this command, when you do the link jump, you can access the local file without accessing the original server.

7-8 Saving linked pages

F1 twice to save the linked page

Regardless of its extension, you save the page by entering a file name.

When you wish to use this function with the editor mode, press F6 key and press F1 key twice.

7-9 Batch processing

Shift + F7(M) is MULTIPLEGET command.

It is to access successively to several URLs specified in batch.lst file of ALTAIR directory, obtain them, and read the entire content as one text.

Shift + F8(I) is INSERTBATCH command.

It is to add the URL (including the link marks for jumping to linked pages) of the page where the cursor is currently positioned to the batch.lst file of ALTAIR directory.

Shift + F9(W) is WIPEBATCH command.

It is to clear the content of batch.lst.

7-10 Saving log

Shift + F2(X) is SAVELOG command.

ALTAIR adds to the record of File 10 all the pages obtained by accessing the Internet. SAVELOG command adds and saves them in winal\log directory putting file names as YYMMDD.LOG(980824), and then clears the content of File 10.

Shift + F3(C) is CLEARLOG command.

It is to clear the log recorded in File 10.

7-11 Getting source and converting to text

F2(S) to view source (SOURCE)

Alt I S to view source

It is to read or display HTML source of the web page obtained by GET command or by entering URL directly.

Shift + F1(T) is TEXT command.

It is to convert HTML source file into a text file with links. The page becomes the same as those obtained by GET command or by entering URL directly.

7-12 Form input

There are two methods for form input, i.e. get and post. "get" type is an input method used by search engines. On the other hand, "post" is used for book searches and orders or BBS.

ALTAIR supports the forms of both methods. However, there are limits to the data volume you can enter, which is within 1000 bytes for get and 10000 bytes for post.

As an example, try to access http://www.yahoo.com.

When you are told or when you find the display as:

form get

table

input type=text name=p

Select name=u

with the editor mode, press Shift + F6 keys on the link mark (@mark of "@`48 submit search") and then press Enter key, just like with an ordinary link. Then,

1:Text

2:submit button [Search]

send and quit

are spoken or displayed, so enter search string in the vacant line below "1:text", move the cursor to the line of "send and quit" and press Enter key. You will get the search result. If you wish to return from the form input screen to Yahoo's home page, press F1 key on the form input screen. The message "cancel" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key so that you return from the form input screen to Yahoo's home page.

Incidentally, there are various established input formats. They are:

1. Entering character strings

<input type="text">

<input type="password">

<textarea>

2. Check mark

<input type="checkbox">

3. Single essential selection button

<input type="radio">

4. Single selection option

<select>

5. Multiple selection option

<select multiple>

6. Search button

<input type="submit">

<input type="button">

Operation on the form input screen are as follows:

<input type="text"> -> Enter a text on the vacant line below "1:text".

<input type="password"> -> Enter a password on the vacant line below "2:password".

<textarea> -> Enter a text under "3:text area". When you wish to enter multiple lines, instead of entering actual multiple lines, place "\n" (line break character) between the lines.

If you wish to handle "\n" as a character string, enter as "\\n".

<input type="checkbox"> -> When the message "check" or "no check" is spoken after or displayed under "4:checkbox", press Space key to select one of them.

<input type="radio"> -> When you press Enter key on the vacant line under "5:radio button", the value of the radio button selected is spoken or displayed. You can change the selection by Up and Down cursor keys and determine the selection by Enter key. (When it is determined, the result of the selection is spoken or displayed on the vacant line under "5: radio button".)

<select> -> When the default value is spoken after or displayed under "6:select", if you press Enter key, the default value is spoken or displayed on the top most message line. You can change the selection by Up and Down cursor keys and determine the selection by Enter key. (When it is determined, the result of the selection is spoken after or displayed under "6: select".)

<select multiple> -> With "7:multipel", you can choose multiple values. When the default value is spoken after or displayed under "7:multiple", if you press Enter key, on the top most message line, the word "selection" is spoken or displayed after the default value. By pressing Space key, you can toggle between selection and non-selection.

If you press Enter key when the word "selection" is spoken or displayed, the determined value is spoken or displayed under "7:multiple". If you repeat this series of operation several times, the multiple determined values are spoken or displayed under "7:multiple" with commas in-between.

If you move the cursor to the line of "send and quit" and press Enter key, the values entered in the form 1 to 7 will be reflected in the receiver's page.

You can also change the URL that ALTAIR automatically made for format input. You will be able to input forms quite easily if you add it to search.html or url.html and customize it.

(When you add addresses to search.html, you must change them manually to absolute URIs before adding them. As for url.html, they are handled automatically and you do not need to do it manually.)

For a form input, there are some formats unique to ALTAIR when writing URL.

1. Specifying post type transmission by {method=post}

You can let ALTAIR know that the form is a post type by writing as follows:

http://example.com/cgi-bin/postform.cgi{method=post}?name=aaa&email=bbb&comment=ccc

2. Specifying get type transmission by {method=get}

You can let ALTAIR know that the form is a get type by writing as follows:

http://example.com/cgi-bin/getform.cgi{method=get}?nsearch=aaa

3. URL for form input

http://example.com/cgi-bin/postform.cgi{method=post}?name{text}=aaa&passwd{password}=bbb&mark{check}[ccc]=on&sex{radio}{R1,R1}{R2,R2}&age{select}{10,10}20,20{30,30}&comment{textarea}=&xx{submit}=OK

text

Format: variable name{text, max number of input character}[title]=default character string

Max number of input character and [title] can be omitted.

Title is the character string just before the INPUT tag and it is spoken or displayed within [ ] when inputting a form.

password

Format: variable name{password,max number of input character}[title]=default character string

Max number of input character and [title] can be omitted.

Title is the character string just before the INPUT tag and it is spoken or displayed within [ ] when inputting a form.

checkbox

Format: variable name{check}[title]={value when checking}

[title] can be omitted.

Title is the character string just after the INPUT tag and it is spoken or displayed within [ ] when inputting a form.

radio button

Format: variable name{radio}={value 1,displayed character string 1}value 2,displayed character string 2{value 3,displayed character string 3}...

A displayed character string is spoken or displayed when selecting, and the corresponding value is sent to cgi.

The values outside the brackets {} on the right of = are selected by default.

select

Format: variable name{select}={value 1,displayed character string 1}value 2,displayed character string 2{value 3,displayed character string 3}...

A displayed character string is spoken or displayed when selecting, and the corresponding value is sent to cgi.

The values outside the brackets {} on the right of = are selected by default.

select (multiple selection is possible)

Format: variable name{multiple}={value 1,displayed character string 1}value 2,displayed character string 2{value 3,displayed character string 3}...

A displayed character string is spoken or displayed when selecting, and the corresponding value is sent to cgi.

The values outside the brackets {} on the right of = are selected by default.

text area

Format: variable name{textarea}[title]= default character string

[title] can be omitted.

Title is the character string just before the INPUT tag and it is spoken or displayed within [ ] when inputting a form.

\n within the input character string is converted into 0x0d, 0x0a. If you wish to send the character string \n, enter \\n.

hidden variable

Format: variable name{hidden}=value

submit button

Format: variable name{submit}=value

Variable name can be omitted. (In such a case, it will begin as {submit}=.)

image

Format: variable name.x=0,variable name{image}.y=0

It has the same function as the submit button.

4. Special character and linefeed character within a form

When you input a form by editing URL manually, follow the rules below for entering special characters and linefeed characters.

For &, use \&.

For =, use \=.

For {, use \{.

For }, use \}.

For line break, use \n.

However, try as much as possible not to include &, =, +, {, and } in the entering character, because it may be a factor of malfunction.

7-13 MAP and FRAME

ALTAIR supports image maps (client side) and frames by handling the URL written in the tags such as "MAP" or "FRAMESET" same as ordinary links. Operation is same as ordinary links.

7-14 Cooperation with FTP

ALTAIR downloads files using FTP program.

To use FTP, you need to set your mail address. When using anonymous ftp, you are requested to enter password by the server and it is a general custom to enter your mail address there. Mail address is set by -= option in al.cfg.

When you directly specify URL starting with ftp:// or choose from the links, downloading starts. When you are asked a local file name, enter one. You can interrupt receiving FTP data by Shift + Esc keys. That's all the operations you need.

The downloaded files are saved in C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\ftp by default. It is same when you download them by using HTTP.

Directory (file list) at an ftp site is read or displayed when you follow URLs such as

ftp://ftp.jsrpd.jp/pub/altair/win/

or

ftp://ftp.jsrpd.jp/pub/altair/win/*.

The obtained file list is read or displayed after being processed into HTML format, and when you select a link you can download the file.

ALTAIR supports downloading from an authenticated ftp. When you write URL like

ftp://userid:password@host/path

you can download from the authenticated ftp.

7-15 Cooperation with MAIL

At first, configure your mail account. For details, please refer to the mailer setting in 8-3 Various configurations to do before use.

If your mail account has been configured, you can send e-mails by directly specifying a URL beginning with mailto: or by executing G command (or F1) on mailto: link. When you are asked to enter a subject, enter a subject and press Enter key. Then, ALTAIR automatically opens an e-mail message form. The contents of from, to, and subject are already set.

Enter the message body. When you select "save and quit" by F2 key, a mail that will wait to be sent is made in the OUTBOX.

When you press F1 key twice and execute "send", you can send the mail.

7-16 Using proxy server

When you wish to access a website by using a proxy server, set the host name and the port number of the proxy server in al.cfg.

The format is -:HOST.DOMAIN:PORT.

Example:

-:proxy.example.com:8000

7-17 Browser mode

Ctrl + Delete to toggle between editor mode, browser mode and mailer mode

Alt D B to browser mode

When you continually use the Internet, it may be bothersome to enter Shift + F6 keys each time and then execute Internet-related commands. To avoid it, you can fix the browser mode by Ctrl + Delete keys. By doing so, without entering Shift + F6 keys, you can execute the Internet-related commands by just pressing the function keys. Using the same key, you can switch to mailer mode and editor mode.

With the browser mode, you cannot select commands by alphabetical keys. However, you can enter characters, move the cursor, use the hot keys just like with the editor mode.

To use the browser mode, in ALTAIR options of the Configuration Functions, set "With" for "Browser mode". While you are referring to help, ALTAIR operates with help mode. When you jump to an external link provided in the help, you go out of the help mode and can display the content of the externally linked website. For the display, you can specify which mode is to be used, either editor mode or browser mode, by the item "external link in help" of ALTAIR options. Note, however, that if "No" has been configured for "Browser mode", even if you specify "Browser mode" for the "external link in help", the operation will be with "Editor mode".

7-18 Managing your own website using FTP

Shift + F6(O) is OUTPUTHOMEPAGE command.

It is to send and receive files using FTP between your machine and the server the data of your own website is located.

By writing a script in the veftp.scr of ALTAIR directory, you can send files to or receive files from the server.

Sample 1

------VEFTP.SCR

action=basic

host=fuji

home=public_html

user=ishikawa

password=PASSWORD

Sample 2

------VEFTP.SCR

action=custom

host=rt3205

user=ishikawa

password=PASSWORD

cd public_html

mput C:\homepage\*.htm

bye

When you write a script, follow the rules below:

1. As multiple users, you can send files to or receive files from multiple hosts. One session must begin with action=.

2. action=basic/custom

With "basic", you "put" the HTML source you are currently reading. You are asked to enter the file name used at the remote computer. Default is the same name as the HTML file currently loaded.

With "custom", all the commands after a login have to be written by you.

3. You must set for host=, user=, and password= without fail. You must set home= by action=basic.

4. You must finish a session of action=custome with "bye".

With action=basic, a copy of the file which is put is saved in C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\homepage.

7-19 cookie and authentication

Shift + Ctrl + \ to enable/disable accepting cookies

ALTAIR supports the user authentication such as "cookie" and "authentication (basic)".

cookie is a system of information control that uses small data called "cookie" that is published by web server. ALTAIR saves received cookie in cookie.dat of ALTAIR directory and uses the cookie from next access to the website.

cookie is mainly used for user information exchanges and shopping basket systems. With a user information exchange, a server publishes a cookie for the user information entered from a browser. The browser saves it, and returns it every time it accesses the server.

With a shopping basket system, one example of how to use cookie is that a new cookie is published whenever a purchase is put in the basket, they are saved, and all the cookies are sent when the total is calculated. Saves of cookies depend on the direction of the server side. The cookies used to put products in the shopping basket are disposed of when the shopping is over. With ALTAIR, such a disposal is done when you quit ALTAIR.

If you set cookie off by Shift + Ctrl + \ keys, ALTAIR does not send a saved cookie when you access the website. When you wish to change the registered user information, you have to set cookie off. Default is on.

On the other hand, with the authentication, you are asked to enter ID and password only at the first time. The ID and the password that are entered once are recorded in authen.dat of ALTAIR directory. From the second time, authentication is automatically done.

7-20 SSL

ALTAIR supports the ciphered communication called SSL (Secure Socket Layer). SSL is a standard method to maintain confidentiality for sending a credit card number for online shopping etc. Using this, you can access web pages of HTTPS.

ALTAIR supports SSLv3, TLSv1, and SSLv2. However, when you try to access the server that supports only SSLv2, it takes about one minute. You can make access faster by writing the server's URL in ssl2.lst file.

7-21 RAS

If dial-up network is correctly configured and IE4 or above is installed, it dials up automatically so that you don't need to do "dial-up connection" by Shift + F4 keys.

For hanging up, telephone charge will be cheaper if you do "dial-up disconnection" by Shift + F5 keys.

7-22 Playing a DAISY book

ALTAIR can play DAISY data by loading DAISY's SMIL file.

It supports each compressor/decompressor of WAV, ADPCM, and MP3.

The get of SMIL file is same as that of ordinary web pages. When you get

http://example.com/sample.smil

if it is on the network, or when you get

file://C:\path\sample.smi

if it is in the local machine, the play starts immediately.

When playing, you can perform the following operations:

N: to the next audio element

B: to the previous audio element

R: to the beginning of the current audio element

P: to pause and restart

F: to the first audio element

H: to speed up (by 0.2, up to double speed)

L: to slow down (by 0.2, down to normal speed)

T: to output the file specified by text src (default)

U: not to output a file specified by text src

X: to exit the program

Q: to exit the program (equal to UX)

7-23 Structure display mode

Shift + Ctrl + - for on/off of structure display mode

Structure display mode has been introduced from ALTAIR Version 3.0 as web page display method.

With the structure display mode, theoretical structure of heading, table, and list, etc. is presented. In addition, the symbols to distinguish the links in the page are added. Default is off.

You can toggle between on and off of structure display mode by Shift + Ctrl + -. This is reflected from the next rendering. If you wish to change the display of the web page you are reading, you need to reload it.

In al.cfg, the structure display is off by -/ option (ordinary rendering). If you wish to make the function on by default, comment out the -/.

Chapter 8 Mail

8-1 Mailer mode

Ctrl + Delete to toggle among editor mode, browser mode, and mailer mode

Alt D M to mail

By Ctrl + Delete keys, you can toggle among the commands. When you press Ctrl + Delete keys once, it is for a browser mode. When you press them once more, the mode is changed to a mailer mode, and if you press them once again, it returns to the editor mode.

8-2 Quitting

The following are the methods to quit ALTAIR:

- After returning to the editor mode, if you press F2 key three times, the message "quit" is spoken or displayed. Press Enter key, and when you are asked "Do you wish to quit?", press Enter key again to quit.

- When you press Shift + Ctrl + K keys, you are asked "Do you wish to quit?(Enter/Esc)", so press Enter key to quit.

- When you press Alt + F4 keys, ALTAIR quits without confirmation.

8-3 Various configurations to do before use

Ctrl + F6 to configure account 1

After ALTAIR starts up, press Ctrl + Delete key twice to switch to the mailer mode, press Ctrl + F6 keys, and configure account.

Account name

Specify an account name you like.

Please note that this name is used also as the name of the data file that saves information such as to which mail you have obtained when you keep mails in the server.

The data file uses file extension *.id, so do not use *.id for other files in ALTAIR directory.

When several accounts use the same folder for received mails, by specifying different file names, you can manage unread mails of each account while keeping mails in the server.

Mail address (ADDRESS)

Enter your mail address (account) which is assigned by your provider or your network administrator. It is the address used for the From: field when an e-mail is sent.

You can name it and enter it like:

YAMADA Taro <yamada@example.org>

SMTP server (server for sending)

Enter the name of the mail server for sending mails.

POP server (server for receiving)

Enter the name of the mail server for receiving mails.

User name for POP authentication

Enter the user name for the mail server (POP) for receiving mails.

Password

Enter the password to access the mail server, which is assigned by a provider or a network administrator.

This password is not displayed in ALTAIR's window to prevent it from being known to others. * marks are displayed instead.

File path for sending and receiving mails

Enter the path name of the directory for sending and receiving mails.

Use a full path including drive letter.

<Example> C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\mailbox\

NOTE: [username] varys by the user.

Quotation marks for reply

Specify the marks to indicate quotations when replying mails.

Usually ">" or "|" is used.

Keep mails on POP server (Y/N)

Specify whether you keep the received mails accumulated in the mail server as they are after you get mails to your own computer.

Usually "N" is used.

Signature file

Specify here the file of the signature added at the end of your sending mails.

Specify the location where the file is kept and the file name by full path.

<Example> C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\sign.txt

NOTE: [username] varys by the user.

Column number to fold

Specify the number of column to fold the lines when composing a mail. About 70 is recommended for general use.

Use POP before SMTP (Y/N)

Specify whether or not POP authentication is to be done when sending mails. If POP before SMTP is required by your provider, etc., enter 'Y'.

Usually "N" is used.

Use SMTP Authentication (Y/N)

Specify whether or not SMTP authentication is to be done when sending mails. If SMTP authentication is required by your provider, etc., enter 'Y'.

Usually "N" is used.

SMTP Authentication user name

Specify the user name necessary for SMTP authentication.

When it is not specified, the user name same as that of POP authentication is used.

SMTP Authentication password

Specify the password used for SMTP authentication.

When SMTP Authentication user name is not specified, the password same as that of POP authentication is used.

This password is not displayed in ALTAIR's window to prevent it from being known to others. * marks are displayed instead.

SMTP port number

Specify the port number that is used to connect SMTP server. Specify 25 for ordinary use. Only when you use it for special connection such as proxy and port forwarding, specify another number.

POP port number

Specify the port number that is used to connect POP server. Specify 110 for ordinary use. Only when you use it for special connection such as proxy and port forwarding, specify another number.

Use SSL (Y/N)

Specify Y if you use SSL for sending and receiving mails. Specify N if you don't.

If you use SSL, configure the above SMTP port number and POP port number in accordance with the settings of connecting mail server.

Usually, SMTP port number is 465 and POP port number is 995 when SSL is used.

Spam mail threshold value (0-10)

Specify a value between 0 and 10 to determine whether or not a mail is a spam. The smaller the number is, the more often a mail is determined to be a spam. Default value is 4.

Note that, if you specify 0 as a threshold value, all the received mails will be determined as spams.

After you finish entering each item, press F2 key to exit after saving or press F1 key to quit without saving, then the mailer becomes usable.

The items you set are written in the mail.cfg file and you can revise them when necessary by using the editor. Note, however, that password needs to be set or changed by using ALTAIR as it needs to be encrypted before being recorded.

---------- Example of mail.cfg : [username] varys by the user ----------

-H

-D

-U

-uyamada"User name for POP authentication"

-P********"Encrypted password"

-smail.jsrpd.or.jp"SMTP server"

-pmail.jsrpd.or.jp"POP server"

-fYAMADA Taro <yamada@jsrpd.or.jp>"Mail address"

-mC:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\mailbox"File path for sending and receiving mails"

-r>["Quotation marks for reply"

-kn

-nC:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\sign.txt"Signature file"

-c70"Column number to fold"

-An

-zn

-Syamada

-a********

-itaro.id

-T25

-R110

-t4

-ln

------------------------------

8-4 Basic operation

F1 to receive and send mails

F1 once to receive mails

Alt M V to receive mails

When you press F1 key once, the message "receive mail" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, ALTAIR gets the mails from the mail server on the network that are addressed to you and that you haven't read yet, then tells or displays the list of the mails in the INBOX folder that have been received. You can interrupt receiving the mails by Shift + Esc keys. When receiving the mails, the number of mails are spoken. You can, however, stop the speaking by pressing PageUp key.

When the receiving process is complete, select the mail you wish to read by Up and Down cursors and press Enter key to read or display the mail content.

When you wish to close the mail you are reading and return to the list of the received mails, press F2 key once. When "Return to the list." is spoken or displayed, press Enter key.

You can save the mail you are reading as a text. Also, you can use the functions of "save", "save block", and "append block" by F2 key. For "save", press the key twice, for "save block" three times, and for "append block" four times.

In addition, among the functions of editor mode, you can use the ones necessary for reading just like with the editor mode.

F1 twice to send mails

Alt M E to send mails

When you press F1 key twice, the message "send mail" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, ALTAIR sends all the mails in the OUTBOX that were waiting to be sent.

After they are sent, the message "sending complete" is spoken or displayed.

You can interrupt sending mails by Shift + Esc keys.

F2 to compose mails, reply mails, and forward mails

F2 once to compose a mail

Alt M C to compose a mail

When you press F2 key once, the message "compose a mail" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, the message "To:" is spoken or displayed, so enter an actual mail address or the receiver's name registered in the address book (alias.rc file). You can specify multiple receivers by putting , (commas) between the names. After entering names, if you press Enter key, "Subject:" is spoken or displayed, so enter the subject.

Up to this point, you can cancel what you did by pressing Esc key.

After entering the subject, if you press Enter key, a file to be sent opens and the content of the mail is spoken or displayed. If you wish to cancel here, press F2 key three times so that the message "quit without saving" is spoken or displayed, then press Enter key. The display returns to the mail list of the folder.

As for the content of a mail, from the first line, it is spoken or displayed in order of From:, To:, Cc:, Subject:, X-Attachment:, and the cursor is placed at the position you type a message under an underline.

After typing the message and entering Cc, Bcc when necessary, if you press F2 key once, "save and quit" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, the list of the mails waiting to be sent in the OUTBOX folder is read aloud or displayed and you can confirm that the mail you just saved is added to the mail list.

After typing the message, if you press F2 key twice, "save as a draft" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, the mail list in the DRAFTBOX folder is read aloud or displayed, and you can confirm that the mail you just saved is added in the mail list.

If you wish to insert into a mail the content of an existing file, press F1 key. The message "insert" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key. The message "file name" is spoken or displayed. If you specify a file name just like when you "open" a file, the content of the file is inserted into the mail.

F2 twice to reply a mail

Alt M R to reply a mail

When you select a mail you wish to reply to from the received mail list in the INBOX folder by using Up and Down cursors and press F2 key twice, the message "reply mail" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, the content of the reply mail is read aloud or displayed. Your mail address is spoken or displayed after From: and the receiver's mail address after To:. At the position for your message,"In reply to.." is spoken or displayed and the cursor stops at the position you enter the message. After typing the reply, when you press F2 key once, "save and quit" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key and save it. If you press F1 key twice, sending the mail is complete.

F2 three times to forward a mail

Alt M F to forward a mail

When you select the mail you wish to forward from the received mail list in the INBOX folder by using Up and Down cursors and press F2 key three times, the message "forward mail" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key. When the message "To:" is spoken or displayed, enter the address to which you wish to forward the mail and press Enter key. Following "FW:", the tile of the mail is read aloud or displayed. If you do not wish to rewrite it, press Enter key. After the string "Forwarding", the mail content is read aloud or displayed. When you press F2 key once, the message "save and quit" is spoken or displayed. Press Enter key to save it, and press F1 key twice to send it.

8-5 Attaching files

To an ordinary text mail, you can attach binary files, etc.

When you compose a mail, the following header is loaded to the editor:

------------------------------

From: abcd@example.com

To: staff@example.com

Cc:

BCC:

Subject:

X-Attachment:

----------------------------

After "X-Attachment:", specify the name of the file you with to attach by using its full path.

You can attach multiple files by putting commas between the file names.

When the mail is sent, the attached files are automatically encoded into MIME format and attached to the end of the body of the mail.

8-6 Extracting the attached file

F4 to extract the attached file

Alt M X to extract the attached file

In the mail list, a mail to which a file or files are attached has * mark on its left. When you wish to get attached files, select the mail to which the files are attached by moving Up and Down cursors in the mail list. When you press F4 key, the message "extract the attached files" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the attached files are saved in the "attach" directory.

When you extract the attached files, you can select either to save the files or to execute one of the attached files. For saving, all the attached files are saved at a time. For executing, select a file to execute from the displayed selection menu of the attached files. When a file is executed, if it is a document file such as a Microsoft Word file, its text is extracted and loaded. If it is a file with an extension such as .asx, .mp3, .avi, .wmv, .wav, .mpg, or .wma, media player is called and the file is played.

8-7 Deleting and moving mails

When you receive mails, it is convenient if you delete unnecessary mails and classify necessary mails into several folders. This section explains how to delete or move mails.

In the MAILBOX, some folders are provided. Received mails are filed in INBOX at first. Mails that have not been sent yet are in the OUTBOX folder, and the mails already sent are in the SENDBOX. The unfinished mail for sending is filed in DRAFTBOX folder. MAILBOX folder is for keeping the mails you wish to keep. DUSTBOX folder is used as a dustbox.

F5 to delete a mail

Alt M D to delete a mail

Select the mail you wish to delete by moving Up and Down cursors in the mail list and press F5 key. The message "delete mail" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the message "Do you wish to delete the mail? (Y/N)" is spoken or displayed. If you press "Y", the mail is deleted. The deleted mail moves to DUSTBOX folder.

F9 twice to clear DUSTBOX

When you press F9 key twice, the message "clear DUSTBOX" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key. When you are asked "Do you wish to clear the DUSTBOX? (Y/N)", press "Y" key. Then all the mails in the DUSTBOX folder are deleted.

F9 four times to create new mail folder

For creating a new mail folder, press F9 four times. When the message "Enter a folder name." is displayed, enter a new folder name. Then, if you press Enter key, new mail folder is created. You can move mails into this new mail folder afterwards.

F6 to move a mail or all mails

F6 once to move a mail

Select the mail you wish to move by moving Up and Down cursors in the mail list. When you press F6 key, the message "move" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the message "Enter folder name." is spoken or displayed. Enter the folder name to which you wish to move the mail. The name of the folder needs to be the one in the mailbox directory. Enter just the name of the folder, not its full path. When you press Enter key, the mail moves to the folder. When the message "Enter folder name." is spoken or displayed, if you press Enter key instead of specifying a folder name, the list of the folders in the mailbox folder is read aloud or displayed. When you select one by Up and Down cursors and press Enter key, the mail moves to the folder.

If the name specified is not in the mailbox folder, the message "Do you wish to make a folder? (Y/N)" is spoken or displayed. If you press "Y" key, the new folder is made and the mail moves to the folder. If you press "N" key, the move operation is cancelled.

F6 twice to move all mails

When you press F6 key twice, the message "move all" is spoken or displayed. When you press Enter key, the message "Enter folder name." is spoken or displayed, so enter the folder name to which you wish to move the mails, then press Enter key. All the mails in the folder move to the specified folder.

If you press Enter key instead of specifying a folder name, the list of the folders in the mailbox folder is read aloud or displayed. When you select one by Up and Down cursors and press Enter key, the mails move to the folder. If the name specified is not in the mailbox folder, the message "Do you wish to make a folder? (Y/N)" is spoken or displayed. If you press "Y" key, the new folder is made and the mails move to the folder. If you press "N" key, the move operation is cancelled.

F7 to classify mails

When you press F7 key, the message "classification" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key. When you are asked "Do you wish to classify the mails? (Y/N)", if you press "Y" key, all the mails in the specified folder are classified into various folders according to the description in the refile.rc file of ALTAIR's program directory.

Write the script as follows:

<field name>=<field body>:<folder to which the mails are to be moved>

1. Field name

Specify a header field name. You can specify not only "From:" and "To:" but also "Sender:" and "X-ML-Name:".

2. Field body

The character string as the content of the corresponding field name. You cannot use regular expressions.

3. Folder to which the mails are to be moved

Specify the folder which the message satisfying the condition are to be moved to and saved.

Example:

-----

From=MAILER-DAEMON:DUSTBOX

To=alw:alw

Cc=alw:alw

...

-----

8-8 Moving to another folder

F8 to move to another folder

When you press F8 key, the message "folder move" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the message "Enter folder name" is spoken or displayed, so enter the folder name you wish to move to and press Enter key. Then the mail list of the folder is read aloud or displayed and you can confirm that you moved to the folder you specified.

Shift + F1 to move to INBOX

Hold Shift key down while pressing F1 key, then the message "INBOX" is displayed. If you press Enter key, the mail moves to INBOX folder.

Shift + F2 to move to OUTBOX

Hold Shift key down while pressing F2 key, then the message "OUTBOX" is displayed. If you press Enter key, the mail moves to OUTBOX folder.

Shift + F3 to move to DRAFTBOX

Hold Shift key down while pressing F3 key, then the message "DRAFTBOX" is displayed. If you press Enter key, the mail moves to DRAFTBOX folder.

Shift + F6 to move to MAILBOX

Hold Shift key down while pressing F6 key, then the message "MAILBOX" is displayed. If you press Enter key, the mail moves to MAILBOX folder.

Shift + F7 to move to SENDBOX

Hold Shift key down while pressing F7 key, then the message "SENDBOX" is displayed. If you press Enter key, the mail moves to SENDBOX folder.

Shift + F10 to move to DUSTBOX

Hold Shift key down while pressing F10 key, then the message "DUSTBOX" is displayed. If you press Enter key, the mail moves to DUSTBOX folder.

8-9 Moving the spams

If the filter to prevent spam mails is used in the mail server, an "X-Spam-Flag: Yes" line or a line beginning with "X-Spam-Level: " is added to the header of the mail determined to be a spam. After "X-Spam-Level: ", several + characters will be placed to indicate its probability to be a spam. ALTAIR treats an e-mail with a specified number or more of + characters as a spam.

F7 twice to move spams

The function to move spams is to check all the mails in the list of currently displayed folder whether they are determined to be spam mails, and if there is one, to move it to the spam folder. In general, the function to determine spams is not perfect. Therefore, it is recommended to sometimes check the mails moved to the spam folder and check if necessary mails are in the folder.

8-10 Searching mails

F3 to search mails

F3 once for quick mail search

Alt M Q for quick mail search

When you press F3 key, the message "quick mail search" is spoken or displayed.

By pressing Enter key several times, you can change the display in the following order: "Subject:", "From:", "To:", "Date:", and can specify the conditions you wish for the search.

At the end, "Start search." is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the INDEX of the mails that satisfy the conditions in the mail list is read aloud or displayed.

With a quick search, the information obtained in the database named list32.dat is searched. The information recorded in the database does not necessarily cover all the information such as "To:". When you wish to search more strictly, perform the "mail search" explained below.

F3 twice for mail search

Alt M S for mail search

When you press F3 key twice, the message "mail search" is spoken or displayed.

By pressing Enter key, you can proceed like this: "Subject:", "From:", "To:", "Date:", "Message body:", so specify the conditions you wish for the search.

For the Date, the search string shall be the one used for the Date in the mail message such as "Fri, 5 Dec 2003" (Fri and/or 2003 can be omitted).

At the end, "Start search." is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the INDEX of the mails that satisfy the conditions in the mail list is read aloud or displayed.

If you search again in the list of the search result, you can further focus the search result.

F3 three times to return to the previous search result

When you press F3 key three times, the message "Return to the previous search result." is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, the display returns to the previous search result.

F3 four times for list search

When you press F3 key four times, the message "list search" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, "search string" is spoken or displayed, so enter the character string you wish to search. The cursor moves to the character string satisfying the condition.

F3 five times for backward list search

When you press F3 key five times, the message "backward list search" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, "search string" is spoken or displayed, so enter the character string you wish to search. It is to search the character string in the mail list from the bottom to the top.

F3 six times for case insensitive list search

When you press F3 key six times, the message "case insensitive list search" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, "search string" is spoken or displayed, so enter the character string you wish to search. This case insensitive list search does not distinguish between upper and lower cases.

F3 seven times for backward case insensitive list search

When you press F3 key seven times, the message "backward case insensitive list search" is spoken or displayed. If you press Enter key, "search string" is spoken or displayed, so enter the character string you wish to search. It is to search the character string in the mail list from the bottom to the top. This backward case insensitive list search does not distinguish between upper and lower cases.

8-11 Address book

ALTAIR has a function called an address book to make it easy to enter mail addresses. By setting short alias that is easy to call for the mail address you frequently use, you can use it to specify the person to receive the mail instead of entering the person's mail address.

F9 once to add to the address book

Select the mail of which address you wish to register by moving Up and Down cursors in the mail list. When you press F9 key once, the message "address book register" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key. When the message "Name the address." is spoken or displayed, enter the name for the address (alias name) and press Enter key. When the registration is complete, the message "Registration complete." is spoken or displayed.

When you open the alias.rc file in which the information about the address book is recorded, you can confirm that the name you have just registered is recorded at the right of the "*alias" and the mail address of the Sender (From) is recorded below.

F9 five times to edit the address book

To edit the content of the address book, press F9 key five times. The alias names recorded in the address book are displayed in order from the beginning. Move to the alias name you wish to edit by using Up and Down cursors. Next, when you press Enter key, the list of the mail address is displayed on the buffer. Edit the content of the mail address as necessary. When edit is complete, press F2 key to save the edit. To cancel the edit, press F1 key.

When you send a mail, you can specify multiple addresses by putting commas between the addresses. However, it is troublesome to enter all the addresses when you are sending a mail to many addresses or sending mails often to the same group. It is therefore convenient if you create alias name that consists of multiple mail addresses.

Suppose that the following multiple addresses are registered in the address book by the alias name AAA.

A001@bbb.example.com

A002@ccc.example.com

A003@eee.example.com

Suppose that the following multiple addresses are also registered in the address book by the alias name CCC.

C001@aaa.example.com

C002@bbb.example.com

C003@ccc.example.com

C004@ddd.example.com

If you specify "AAA" as the Receiver, the mail is automatically sent to the following three addresses:

A001@bbb.example.com

A002@ccc.example.com

A003@eee.example.com

If you specify "AAA,CCC" as the Receiver, the mail is sent to the following seven addresses:

A001@bbb.example.com

A002@ccc.example.com

A003@eee.example.com

C001@aaa.example.com

C002@bbb.example.com

C003@ccc.example.com

C004@ddd.example.com

8-12 Thread mode

F10 for on/off of thread mode

When you press F10 key once, "thread on" is spoken or displayed. If you press it twice, "thread off" is spoken or displayed. You can toggle on and off by F10 key. Also by the / key, you can toggle on and off of thread mode. Although there is no change in appearance when you enter in the thread mode, the operations by Up, Down, Left, and Right cursors are changed respectively to those by the move commands that are assigned to U N . , keys based on the threads . When you are out of thread mode, the operations by the cursors return to the original ones.

8-13 Other functions

F9 three times to rebuild database

Mail list is built by database. You can use this command to rebuild database when there is a malfunction such as that a mail is damaged or INDEX of the mail list is damaged.

When you press F9 key three times, the message "database rebuilding" is spoken or displayed, so press Enter key. When you are asked "Do you wish to rebuild database? (Y/N)", press "Y" key. The database of the mail list is rebuilt. If there are a lot of mails, rebuilding of the database takes a while.

Shift + F4 to select braille or voice

Holding Shift key down, if you press F4 key once "braille", twice "voice and braille", and three times "voice" is spoken or displayed. These are respectively for "display by braille only", "display by voice and braille", and "display by voice only". This function is valid only when "the braille display is on by Shift + F5 keys".

Shift + F5 for on/off of braille display

Holding Shift key down, if you press F5 key once "braille display on", and twice "braille display off" is spoken or displayed. With the "braille display on", braille is displayed on the braille display device.

Shift + F8 for cursor jump

If you hold Shift key down while pressing F8 key, the message "Cursor to where?" is spoken or displayed. Enter the number assigned to the mail, and press Enter key. The cursor jumps to the mail of which the number is entered.

8-14 Edit function

While composing a mail, you can use for the mail content almost all the editor functions that you can use with editor mode such as searching, replacing, reading, editing blocks, saving and appending blocks, and moving cursor. In addition, you can insert marks by Shift + F10 keys and can delete only marks by BackSpace or Delete key.

8-15 Shortcut keys

Regarding the shortcut keys you can use with the mailer mode, please refer to Command keys of mailer mode.

8-16 Multi-account

Ctrl + F6 to configure account 1

Ctrl + F7 to configure account 2

Ctrl + F8 to configure account 3

Ctrl + F9 to configure account 4

Ctrl + F10 to configure account 5

Alt M O to configure account

You can configure up to 5 mail accounts for ALTAIR.

The mail account you configured lastly will be the account you use regularly afterwards.

Note the following for account setting:

- The setting for whether or not to keep the received mails in the server must be the same for all accounts.

Each account setting is saved in mail1.cfg, mail2.cfg, mail3.cfg, mail4.cfg, and mail5.cfg.

- The file path for sending and receiving mails can be either same or different for each account. When you set the same path, the accounts will share the mailbox.

Ctrl + F1 to select account 1

Ctrl + F2 to select account 2

Ctrl + F3 to select account 3

Ctrl + F4 to select account 4

Ctrl + F5 to select account 5

Alt M A to select account

By the above operations, you can change the account.

Chapter 9 Shell

9-1 Shell

Ctrl + Home to start shell

Alt D S to start shell

When you are using shell mode, you can use Windows command prompts in ALTAIR. You can read command prompt output or copy it to ALTAIR's another buffer.

In addition to cmd.exe and command.com of Windows, you can use shells such as Cygwin.

Command prompt means the "Command Prompt" in the Windows menu. When you use command prompt, you enter the orders called "commands" directly from the keyboard. For example, if you enter the command "dir", the list of the current directory is read aloud or displayed. You have to remember commands, but once you get used to them, you will find it very convenient as you will be able to operate the program directly.

9-2 Exiting shell

When you exit ALTAIR, the shell also exits. With Windows 95/98/Me, however, the shell does not exit occasionally. Therefore, exit the shell explicitly by "exit" command as much as possible before you exit ALTAIR.

Even after exiting the shell by "exit" command, you can restart the shell by Ctrl + Home keys.

9-3 Entering command

After starting the shell mode by Ctrl + Home keys, you can give commands just like ordinary command prompts.

9-4 Edit functions

With the shell mode, you can use almost all the edit functions of ALTAIR.

9-5 No-linebreak command

By Shift + Enter keys, you can send to a command a character string without a linefeed.

Taking "copy" command for example, when you are asked "Are you sure? Overwrite xx. (Yes/No/All)", you have to enter one character when using command prompt. However, with ALTAIR's shell mode, characters are not sent to external command until you press Enter key. When you press Enter key, the characters are sent to the command together with the linefeed character.

When you wish to send a character string to the command excluding linefeed character, use Shift + Enter keys. For example, if you enter y key and Shift + Enter keys, you can send y character alone to the command.

9-6 Command history

You can recall the command you entered in the past by Ctrl + / keys and Shift + Ctrl + / keys.

9-7 Reading

Ctrl + @ to toggle automatic reading

Esc to stop automatic reading

You can stop reading if you once get out of the shell mode by using Ctrl + Home keys.

9-8 Completing file names

You can complete file names by Ctrl + . keys and Shift + Ctrl + . keys.

By this function, when you enter a file name, if you enter a part of the name and press Ctrl + . keys, a file name that fulfills the condition is read aloud or displayed.

If you press Ctrl + . keys again, the next candidate is announced or displayed. By Shift + Ctrl + . keys, the previous candidate is announced or displayed.

When a directory is found by this file name completion, \ is spoken or displayed after the directory name. When you wish to perform completion within this directory, enter * and then Ctrl + . keys so that you enter completion mode and can continue to perform completion in the directory.

If you use the above function, you can enter file name quickly without typing the whole file name.

9-9 Shell options

Usually, cmd.exe or command.com is automatically set in the command interpreter used by shell mode.

When you wish to explicitly use another command interpreter, you can specify it by the configuration file al.cfg.

-)Pcommand.com to set a name of command interpreter

-)I/q to set a parameter for command interpreter startup

-)Rcrlf to specify the linefeed character code, crlf or lf, to send to the command interpreter (default is crlf)

Example: For using "bash" in Cygwin, specify as follows:

-)PC:\cygwin\bin\bash.exe

-)I--login -i

-)Rlf

9-10 Tag jump

F1 for tag jump

This is a function for programmers. It is the function that ALTAIR reads the file name and line number in the error display of the compiler executed in the shell and automatically jumps to the location.

If you press tag jump key on a compile error display for Visual C++ or Borland C++, the file with the error opens in File 1 and the cursor moves to the line where the error exists.

For example, suppose the following error message is spoken or displayed when you are compiling a program.

c:\test\src\sampmain.cpp(12): error C2143: syntax error: Missing ';' before 'else'

When you put the cursor on the message and press F1 + Enter keys, sampmain.cpp opens in File 1 and the cursor moves to the line 12.

Book 4 Technical guide

Chapter 1 Hot keys

1-1 Hot keys

Using Ctrl + character keys, you can perform the commands of the function keys, Shift + function keys, and other soft keys.

In other words, with ALTAIR you can call the commands assigned to the function keys, Shift + function keys, and other keys, by holding Ctrl key down while pressing a character key. These control commands unique to ALTAIR are called "hot keys".

For function commands, the row of keys from Q to P is used as the substitute for the keys from F1 to F10.

When the soft keys like function keys are not easy to locate like with laptop computers, this operation is more convenient. Regarding the details of hot keys, please refer to Command keys of editor mode.

Chapter 2 Configuration by al.cfg

With ALTAIR, you can perform almost all configurations by Configuration Functions. For the details of Configuration Functions, please refer to 4-1 Configuration functions. For special configurations that cannot be done by Configuration Functions, refer to the content of this chapter and configure by editing al.cfg file.

2-1 Configuration file

The configuration file al.cfg is to be placed in ALTAIR directory.

In al.cfg, write one option per line.

A line beginning with - is considered to be a command.

2-2 Specifying a telephone communication port

-T1 for COM1

-T2 for COM2

-T3 for COM3

-T4 for COM4

2-3 Telephone number header

Specifying the headers to be put in front of the telephone numbers.

-HT, -HP, -HT0, -HT0011, etc.

2-4 Setting communication parameter for telephone serial port

-R9600N81

2-5 Specifying a communication port for braille display

-A1 for COM1

-A2 for COM2

-A3 for COM3

-A4 for COM4

-A0 for automatic detection of connecting port by ALVA driver or BrailleSense driver

When using an ALVA driver, if an option other than -A0 is specified, the ALVA braille display is connected through the specified serial port. If -A0 option is specified, it is checked in the following sequence whether an ALVA braille display is connected to the communication port, and then communication with the braille display is made through a detected communication port.

USB port

Serial port (from COM1 to COM99)

Printer port (from LPT1 to LTP4)

If you use USB connection for SyncBraille display, specify -A0 as the option for communication port.

2-6 Types of braille display

-B1 for Power Braille, Navigator

-B2 for KGS Braille Note 20A/40A

-B3 for ALVA ABT 20/40/80 (Alva Braille Terminal)

-B4 for Braille Write

-B5 for KGS Braille Note 46C/46D

-B6 for KGS Braille Memo 16/24/46, Braille Note 46X

-B7 for ALVA Satellite

-B8 for KBDC (any KGS display)

-B9 for ALVA driver (any ALVA display)

-B10 for PAC Mate

-B11 for BrailleSense

-B12 for SyncBraille

-B13 for SuperVario

-B14 for Focus Braille

When using KBDC, only port number and communication speed are used for communication setting.

When using ALVA driver, settings for communication port and communication parameter are ignored and connection port will be detected from all ports including USB and parallel ports.

2-7 Setting communication parameter of serial port for braille display

-S "baud rate" "parity" "bit length" "stop bit" "RTS/CTS control off"

-S9600N81 (default value)

-S9600N81C (Example: When using VARIO with Power Braille emulation (PB1), you need to turn off RTS/CTS control by specifying C.)

2-8 Number of columns of braille display

-Z16

-Z18

-Z20

-Z24

-Z40

-Z44

-Z46

-Z80

2-9 Number of displayed characters

Specify a two-digit number same as or smaller than the number of columns of braille display.

If you specify a number same as or smaller than <the number of columns of braille display minus four>, the column number of the current position is displayed.

-Dnn (two-digit number same as or smaller than the number of columns for display)

2-10 Wordwrap

-L to do wordwrap for braille display output

2-11 Braille display and braille translation mode

-I to set braille display on from the startup of ALTAIR

-Q1 for English Grade 2

-Q2 for English Grade 1

-Q3 for no conversion 8 dots

-Qij (1 <= i <= 3, 1 <= j <= 3) example: -q13 toggles between two braille translation modes

2-12 Displaying line number

When you set -U option in al.cfg, the line number of the current line is output on the braille display.

However, this function is valid only when the value of -D option is smaller than the value of -Z option in al.cfg by 4 or more. In addition, when using the function, you cannot use the function to display the current position.

2-13 Specifying CD-ROM drives

-C1I:

-C2K:

-C3L:

2-14 Specifying book numbers of CD-ROM

-F11

-F21

-F31

2-15 Displaying CD-ROM names

-M1Readers

-M2EnglishJapanese

-M3COD

2-16 Selecting CD-ROM dictionary search program

-W43

2-17 Specifying a file to load the result of CD-ROM dictionary search into

By --n, specify the file into which the result of CD-ROM dictionary search is loaded.

2-18 Specifying a name of local character table

-!6C:\winal\PLUSS.EGN

2-19 Setting the options particular to search tool

-<7-s64

2-20 Conditional search

Specify in al.cfg by -01 -02 ... -0i -0j. This is the setting to do conditional search when searching CD-ROM.

2-21 Setting line reading mode as default

Set line reading mode as default by -G

2-22 File backup

Set to back up files by -K

2-23 Setting detail mode for the filer's file display

Set detail mode for the filer's file display by -4

For normal mode, setting of option is not necessary.

2-24 Data type

-O0 for text

-O2 for English braille

2-25 Setting voice display and braille display

-J1 for voice message

-J2 for braille message

-J3 for voice and braille message

2-26 Setting your home page

Set your home page by -*.

2-27 Setting search engine

Set search engine by -_.

2-28 Registering hot file labels

->1label ->2label ... ->9label ->0label to register labels

2-29 Registering hot file names

-+1name -+2name ... -+9name -+0name to register file names

2-30 Saving marks

For saving marks in a file, set it by -|.

2-31 Setting user ID

Set mail address by -=.

2-32 Saving the log of accessed websites automatically

Specify it by -1in al.cfg.

2-33 Not using structure display mode for websites

Set not to use structure display mode for websites by -/

2-34 Opening browser mode automatically when opening Internet browser homepage

Set to open browser mode automatically when opening your Internet browser homepage by -5

Do not use this option if you wish to make the operation same with that of ALTAIR 7.0 or before.

2-35 Setting proxy server

Set proxy server by -:HOST.DOMAIN:PORT.

Write it in al.cfg.

2-36 Not moving cursor after replace operation

Set by -` if you don't move the cursor after replace operations.

2-37 Wrap display (for printable characters)

Wrap display for printable non-Braille characters by -..

2-38 Wrap display (for braille characters)

Wrap display for braille characters by -,.

2-39 Folding

Folding (printable characters) by -".

Folding (braille characters) by -?.

2-40 Wordwrap when folding

Set wordwrap when folding by -[.

2-41 Limiting paste function

If you limit the character strings to be pasted to the latest one, set it by -].

2-42 Line break skip

Shift + End to toggle on/off of line break skip

By Shift + End keys, you can toggle whether or not to skip line break during a continuous reading.

Default is off. If you set -{ option in al.cfg, default will be on before changing by Shift + End keys.

2-43 Not using browser mode

When you don't use browser mode, you can inhibit the function.

-2 for not using browser mode

2-44 Wrap to window width

You can fit the wrap display to the window width of ALTAIR.

-3 to wrap to window width

2-45 sample of al.cfg

Below is an example of configuration file. [username] varys by the user:

; configuration file for ALTAIR for Windows Version 10; 2006/11/29 JSRPD, Jun Ishikawa, NRCD and JICA

; You can write one option per line.

; For a comment line, place ; at the beginning.

; <ALTAIR general options>

; TTS mode as default -}

;-}

; Data type: text -O0; English braille -O2

-O0

; Setting line reading as default -G

-G

; Backing up files: to back up in the same directory with the extension .bak -K

; to back up in the directory specified by PATH with the same file name -KPATH

;-KC:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\backup

; Swapping function keys F9 and F10 with F11and F12 -#

;-#

; Skipping line breaks during continuous reading of Shift + End keys -{

;-{

; Saving marks in a file -|

;-|

; Not moving the cursor after replace operations -`

;-`

; Wrapping display -. Default is -.80.

-.80

; Wrapping display for braille -, Default is -,32.

;-,32

; Wrapping to window width -3 Default if off.

;-3

; FOLD -" Default is 72.

-"72

; FOLD of braille file -? Default is 32.

-?32

; Wordwrapping for folding -[. Default is off.

-[

; Limiting the character string to be pasted to the latest one -]

; Using the detail mode when displaying file name list -4

; -4

; Registering label names for hot file list ->

->1EMAIL

->2refile

->3

->4

->5

->6

->7

->8

->9

->0

; Registering file names for hot file list -+

-+1C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\alias.rc

-+2C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\winal\refile.rc

-+3

-+4

-+5

-+6

-+7

-+8

-+9

-+0

; Line break, empty line echoes -@ -@2

; Setting how many spaces a tab is converted into -;

-;2

; <For braille display>

; Serial port for braille display

; COM1 -A1; COM2 -A2; COM3 -A3; COM4 -A4; automatic detection of connecting port by ALVA driver or BrailleSense driver -A0

-A1

; Type of braille display: PowerBraille or Navigator -B1; Braille Note 20A/40A -B2; ABT320/340/380 -B3; Braille Write 2000/40 -B4; Braille Note 46C/46D -B5; Braille Memo 16/24/46 or Braille Note 46X -B6; SATELLITE 544/570 -B7; KBDC (products of KGS) -B8; ALVA driver (products of ALVA) -B9; PAC Mate -B10; BrailleSense -B11

-B7

; Number of output characters on braille display -D<two-digit number>

-D44

; Display size -Z<two-digit number> Specify it when -D option is smaller than the display size.

-Z44

;Wordwrapping -L

-L

; Outputting line number on braille display -U Default is not to display.

-U

; Making braille display as default -I

;-I

; Braille translation mode: English Grade 2 -q1; English Grade 1 -q2; No conversion 8 dots -q3

; Defaults for braille display and voice display: Voice -J1; Braille -J2; Voice and braille -J3

; Communication parameter setting for braille display serial port: Default is -S9600N81. Baud rate 9600 19200 38400, parity N E O, bit length 8 7, stop bit 1 2 0, RTS-CTS control off C

; Example -S38400N81 -S9600N81C

-S9600N81

; <Telephone>

; Serial port for telephone

; -T1 -T2 -T3 -T4

-T1

; Specifying the header to be placed before telephone number

; -HT for tone dial

; -HP for pulse dial

; -HT0W for extension number dialing

; -HP0W for extension number dialing

; -HT0011 for KDDI international telephone call

; -HP0011 for KDDI international telephone call

; -HT0W0011 for KDDI international telephone call

; -HP0W0011 for KDDI international telephone call

; (KDDI is a telecommunications company operating in Japan.)

-HT

; Communication parameter setting for the serial port for telephone Default is -R9600N81.

-R9600N81

; <Setting for Internet>

; USER ID -=

-=

; Setting your home page -*

-*http://www.yahoo.com

; Setting search engine -_

-_http://www.google.com/search{method=get}?num{hidden}=100&hl{hidden}=&safe{hidden}=off&q=&lr{hidden}=&btnG{hidden}=Google search

; Saving automatically the log of accessed websites -1

;-1

; Not using structure display mode for websites -/

; -/

; Opening browser mode automatically when opening home directory for Internet -5

; -5

; Specifying a file to load the result of CD-ROM dictionary search into --N 1 <= N <= 10

--9

; <CD-ROM>

; Displaying CD-ROM name -M

; Specifying CD-ROM drive (You can specify a subdirectory when -w option is 1 (default).) -C

; Specifying book number in CD-ROM -F

; Selecting a method for searching CD-ROMs. Select the search program you use from VEEB.EXE, VECDROM2.EXE, CSRD.EXE, DAIJISEN.EXE, VEEBLOK.EXE. 1=VEEB.EXE, 3=VECDROM2, 4=CSRD, 5=DAIJISEN, 6=VEEBLOOK Default is 1. -W

; Doing multiple search -P 1=index 1, 2=index 2, 3=index 3, 4=index 4 (invalid when -W option is 2)

; Specifying overseas electronic book -Y (invalid when -W option is 2)

; Specifying file name for CD-ROM It is used when you search by specifying START file or HONMON file directly.

; Specifying local character table It is valid when -W is 3. -!

; Specifying an option directly -<

; Conditional search -0

-M1Readers

-C1C:\edic\PLUS\

-$11

-M2RandomHouse

-C2C:\edic\RHD

-$21

-W25

-<2-BX -FC:\winal\CSRD.FMT -GC:\winal\QUIET.GAI

-M3EnglishJapanese

-C3C:\edic\EIWA\

-$31

-M4Kojien

-C4C:\edic\KOUJIEN

-$42

-M5Daijirin

-C5C:\edic\DGX01\

-$52

-M6ReviewJapan

-C6C:\edic\THI01\

-p62

-$62

-M7WorldEncyclopedia

-C7C:\edic\SEKAI\

-W73

-!7C:\winal\HDHGAIJI.DMP

-$72

-M8Nipponica

-C8C:\edic\ssn2001

-w86

-$82

-M9GendaiYogo

-C9C:\edic\GN2002

-$92

-M0Chiezo

-C0C:\edic\AGE01\

-$02

-MACOD

-CAC:\edic\OXFORD\

-YA

-$A1

-MBSLANG

-CBC:\edic\slang\

-YB

-$B1

-FB1

-MCGenius

-CCC:\edic\GENIUS\

-$C1

-MDJapaneseEnglish

-CDC:\edic\EIWA\

-FD2

-$D2

-MEKenkyusha'sMiddleEnglishJapanese

-CEC:\edic\CHUJITEN\

-$E1

-MFGLOBAL

-CFC:\edic\GLOBAL

-$F1

-MGCentury

-CGC:\edic\WORDHUNT\

-FG2

-$G1

-MHCOMPTON

-CHC:\edic\CONCISE

-WH3

-YH

-!HC:\winal\BLANK.DMP

-$H1

-<H-S64

-MIKojien5

-CIC:\edic\koujien5\

-WI6

-$I2

-MJMohanRoppo

-CJC:\edic\ROPPO02\

-PJ1

-$J2

-MKNanzandoMedicalDictionary

-CKC:\edic\nanmed

-$K2

-MLHeritage

-CLC:\edic\DICT\

-FL2

-YL

-$L1

-MMCollocations

-CMC:\edic\colloc

-PM234

-$M1

-MNMedicalDictionary

-CNC:\edic\IGAKU

-$N2

;-MOCommunicationDictionary

;-COC:\edic\WDIC

;-$O2

-MOJapanEncyclopedia

-COC:\edic\nippon\

-wO6

-$O2

-wO6

;-MPWebster

;-CPC:\edic\WEB

;-$P1

-MPCobuild

-CPC:\edic\COBUILD

-$P1

-WP1

-MQEijiro

-CQC:\edic\eijiro

-$Q1

-MrPillBook1

-CrC:\edic\pill\

-Fr2

-$r2

-MSSynonym

-CSC:\edic\WORDHUNT

-FS5

-$S2

-MTKenkyusha'sJapaneseEnglishDictionary

-CTC:\edic\WADAI

-$T2

;For using "bash" in Cygwin, specify as follows:

;-)PC:\cygwin\bin\bash.exe

;-)I--login -i

;-)Rlf

Chapter 3 Display options in display.cfg

The display.cfg is a configuration file for visual displaying. Place the file in the directory same as ALTAIR.

You can specify the following items in display.cfg. Write one item per line. The line beginning with - is considered as an option and the one beginning with another character is considered as a comment.

3-1 Font

Specify the font used in ALTAIR's window as follows:

-F font name

3-2 Font size

Specify the font size used in ALTAIR's window by point as follows:

-S point size

3-3 Font weight

Specify the font weight as follows:

-b0 for normal

-b1 to emphasize (bold)

3-4 Font color

Specify the font color as follows:

-C value for hue, value for color saturation, value for brightness

The value for hue determines the basic color using a value from 0 to 359. The value 0 is for red, 120 for green, and 240 for blue. A value between the two out of the three is the color mixing the two. For color saturation, the value 99 is pure color. The closer to 0, the whiter the color. For brightness, the value 99 is the brightest and 0 is the darkest.

For example, the color with the values of hue 0, saturation 99, and brightness 99 can be converted into RGB values R=255, G=0, and B=0 which is bright pure red. The one with hue 0, saturation 0, and brightness 99 is R=255, G=255, and B=255 which is bright white. The one with saturation 0 and brightness 99 is always pure white, whatever value is specified for hue. Saturation 0 and brightness 0 is always pure black. ALTAIR uses this HSV color space to specify colors, because it is difficult to get the color you want with the brightness you want by directly specifying RGB values.

3-5 Background color

Specify the background of the window as follows:

-C value for hue, value for color saturation, value for brightness

The meanings of the values for hue, saturation, and brightness are similar to those of font color.

3-6 Whether to display the current position

Specify as follows whether you display line number and column number on the upper right corner of the screen:

-s0 not to display

-s1 to display

3-7 Screen drawing mode

Specify the drawing mode for the screen as follows:

-d0 for high-speed

-d1 for flicker prevention

Default is -d0 for high-speed. With high-speed screen drawing mode, characters are drawn after the screen is painted by the background color. With flicker prevention drawing mode, the content of drawing for the window is at first created as a picture on the memory, and then the picture on the memory is directly drawn on the window. Since the window is not painted by the background color, the flickering during the drawing is not caused.

-d0 draws faster but causes more screen flickering when you rewrite something. If flickering is annoying to you, try -d1. Note however that -d1 is incompatible with JAWS.

3-8 Cursor shape

Specify as follows the cursor shape shown in the window:

-c0 for underline

-c1 for box

3-9 sample of display.cfg

The following is a sample of display.cfg:

-FArial Narrow

-S16

-b0

-C0,0,0

-B0,0,99

-s1

-f1

-d0

-c0

ALTAIR for Windows